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dc.contributor.authorMunzel, T.
dc.contributor.authorSørensen, M.
dc.contributor.authorGori, T.
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-15T16:12:13Z
dc.date.available2019-07-15T16:12:13Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85016231247&doi=10.1093%2feurheartj%2fehw269&partnerID=40&md5=770a99ff9322fd2d656eff7ec9380e1d
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/9951
dc.description.abstractTraffic noise and air pollution together represent the two most important environmental risk factors in urbanized societies. The first of this two-part review discusses the epidemiologic evidence in support of the existence of an association between these risk factors with cardiovascular and metabolic disease. While independent effects of these risk factors have now clearly been shown, recent studies also suggest that the two exposures may interact with each other and with traditional risk factors such as hypertension and type 2 diabetes. From a societal and policy perspective, the health effects of both air pollution and traffic noise are observed for exposures well below the thresholds currently accepted as being safe. Current gaps in knowledge, effects of intervention and their impact on cardiovascular disease, will be discussed in the last section of this review. Increased awareness of the societal burden posed by these novel risk factors and acknowledgement in traditional risk factor guidelines may intensify the efforts required for effective legislation to reduce air pollution and noise. Copyright The Author 2017.en_US
dc.description.urihttps://www.doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehw269en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherOxford University Pressen_US
dc.relation.ispartofEuropean Heart Journal
dc.subjectAir pollutionen_US
dc.subjectCardiovascularen_US
dc.subjectEnvironmental stressorsen_US
dc.subjectNoiseen_US
dc.titleEnvironmental stressors and cardio-metabolic disease: Part I-epidemiologic evidence supporting a role for noise and air pollution and effects of mitigation strategiesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1093/eurheartj/ehw269
dc.identifier.pmid27460892


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