Impact of dose, route, and composition on the immunogenicity of immune polyelectrolyte multilayers delivered on gold templates
JournalBiotechnology and Bioengineering
PublisherJohn Wiley and Sons Inc.
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractBiomaterial vaccines offer new capabilities that can be exploited for both infectious disease and cancer. We recently developed a novel vaccine platform based on self‐assembly of immune signals into immune polyelectrolyte multilayers (iPEMs). These iPEM vaccines are electrostatically assembled from peptide antigens and nucleic acid‐based toll‐like receptor agonists (TLRas) that serve as molecular adjuvants. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) coated with iPEMs stimulate effector cytokine secretion in vitro and expand antigen‐specific T cells in mice. Here we investigated how the dose, injection route, and choice of molecular adjuvant impacts the ability of iPEMs to generate T cell immunity and anti‐tumor response in mice. Three injection routes—intradermal, subcutaneous, and intramuscular—and three iPEM dosing levels were employed. Intradermal injection induced the most potent antigen‐specific T cell responses and, for all routes, the level of response was dose‐dependent. We further discovered that these vaccines generate durable memory, indicated by potent, antigen‐specific CD8+ T cell recall responses in mice challenged with vaccine 49 days after a prime‐boost immunization regimen. In a common exogenous antigen melanoma model, iPEM vaccines slowed or stopped tumor growth more effectively than equivalent ad‐mixed formulations. Further, iPEMs containing CpG—a TLR9a—were more potent compared with iPEMs containing polyIC, a TLR3a. These findings demonstrate the ability of iPEMs to enhance response to several different classes of vaccine cargos, supporting iPEMs as a simple vaccine platform that mimics attractive features of other nanoparticles using immune signals that can be self‐assembled or coated on substrates. Copyright 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85006742115&doi=10.1002%2fbit.26083&partnerID=40&md5=1dfb3404bec6252e6995014920942589; http://hdl.handle.net/10713/9919