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dc.contributor.authorKrueger, R.F.
dc.contributor.authorKotov, R.
dc.contributor.authorWatson, D.
dc.date.accessioned2019-06-21T18:46:34Z
dc.date.available2019-06-21T18:46:34Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85052366059&doi=10.1002%2fwps.20566&partnerID=40&md5=e9f217b8ba2e15291e45976bf60e6d60
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/9787
dc.description.abstractShortcomings of approaches to classifying psychopathology based on expert consensus have given rise to contemporary efforts to classify psychopathology quantitatively. In this paper, we review progress in achieving a quantitative and empirical classification of psychopathology. A substantial empirical literature indicates that psychopathology is generally more dimensional than categorical. When the discreteness versus continuity of psychopathology is treated as a research question, as opposed to being decided as a matter of tradition, the evidence clearly supports the hypothesis of continuity. In addition, a related body of literature shows how psychopathology dimensions can be arranged in a hierarchy, ranging from very broad “spectrum level” dimensions, to specific and narrow clusters of symptoms. In this way, a quantitative approach solves the “problem of comorbidity” by explicitly modeling patterns of co‐occurrence among signs and symptoms within a detailed and variegated hierarchy of dimensional concepts with direct clinical utility. Indeed, extensive evidence pertaining to the dimensional and hierarchical structure of psychopathology has led to the formation of the Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP) Consortium. This is a group of 70 investigators working together to study empirical classification of psychopathology. In this paper, we describe the aims and current foci of the HiTOP Consortium. These aims pertain to continued research on the empirical organization of psychopathology; the connection between personality and psychopathology; the utility of empirically based psychopathology constructs in both research and the clinic; and the development of novel and comprehensive models and corresponding assessment instruments for psychopathology constructs derived from an empirical approach. Copyright 2018 World Psychiatric Associationen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipR.F. Krueger is supported by the US National Institutes of Health, NIH (R01AG053217, U19AG051 426) and the Templeton Foundation; A.J. Shackman by the US NIH (DA040717 and MH107444) and the University of Maryland, College Park; A. Wright by the US National Institute of Mental Health, NIMH (L30MH101760); N.C. Venables by the US National Institute of Drug Abuse (T320A037183); U. Reinin-ghaus by the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (451-13-022).en_US
dc.description.urihttps://dx.doi.org/10.1002/wps.20566en_US
dc.language.isoen-USen_US
dc.publisherBlackwell Publishing Ltden_US
dc.relation.ispartofWorld Psychiatry
dc.subjectclassificationen_US
dc.subjectclinical utilityen_US
dc.subjectdimensionsen_US
dc.subjectDSMen_US
dc.subjectHierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathologyen_US
dc.subjectICDen_US
dc.subjectmental disorderen_US
dc.subjectnosologyen_US
dc.subjectpersonalityen_US
dc.subjectPsychopathologyen_US
dc.subjectRDoCen_US
dc.titleProgress in achieving quantitative classification of psychopathologyen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/wps.20566


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