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dc.contributor.authorSacco, Paul*
dc.contributor.authorUnick, George Jay*
dc.contributor.authorTorres, Luis R., Ph.D.*
dc.contributor.authorCunningham-Williams, Renee M.*
dc.contributor.authorWoods, Carol M.*
dc.date.accessioned2012-02-21T19:51:51Z
dc.date.available2012-02-21T19:51:51Z
dc.date.issued2011-06
dc.identifier.citationSacco, P., Torres, L. R., Cunningham-Williams, R. M., Woods, C., & Unick, G. J. (2011). Differential Item Functioning of Pathological Gambling Criteria: An Examination of Gender, Race/Ethnicity, and Age. Journal of Gambling Studies, 27(2), 317-330.
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/946
dc.description.abstractThis study tested for the presence of differential item functioning (DIF) in DSM-IV Pathological Gambling Disorder (PGD) criteria based on gender, race/ethnicity and age. Using a nationally representative sample of adults from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC), indicating current gambling (n = 10,899), Multiple Indicator-Multiple Cause (MIMIC) models tested for DIF, controlling for income, education, and marital status. Compared to the reference groups (i.e., Male, Caucasian, and ages 25-59 years), women (OR = 0.62; P < .001) and Asian Americans (OR = 0.33; P < .001) were less likely to endorse preoccupation (Criterion 1). Women were more likely to endorse gambling to escape (Criterion 5) (OR = 2.22; P < .001) but young adults (OR = 0.62; P < .05) were less likely to endorse it. African Americans (OR = 2.50; P < .001) and Hispanics were more likely to endorse trying to cut back (Criterion 3) (OR = 2.01; P < .01). African Americans were more likely to endorse the suffering losses (OR = 2.27; P < .01) criterion. Young adults were more likely to endorse chasing losses (Criterion 9) (OR = 1.81; P < .01) while older adults were less likely to endorse this criterion (OR = 0.76; P < .05). Further research is needed to identify factors contributing to DIF, address criteria level bias, and examine differential test functioning.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjectDiagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disordersen_US
dc.subject.meshGambling--diagnosisen_US
dc.subject.meshGambling--epidemiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshGambling--psychologyen_US
dc.subject.meshModels, Statisticalen_US
dc.titleDifferential item functioning of pathological gambling criteria: an examination of gender, race/ethnicity, and ageen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.pmid20623329
dc.identifier.ispublishedYesen_US
dc.description.urinameFull Texten_US
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