Differential item functioning of pathological gambling criteria: an examination of gender, race/ethnicity, and age
Unick, George Jay
Torres, Luis R., Ph.D.
Cunningham-Williams, Renee M.
Woods, Carol M.
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThis study tested for the presence of differential item functioning (DIF) in DSM-IV Pathological Gambling Disorder (PGD) criteria based on gender, race/ethnicity and age. Using a nationally representative sample of adults from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC), indicating current gambling (n = 10,899), Multiple Indicator-Multiple Cause (MIMIC) models tested for DIF, controlling for income, education, and marital status. Compared to the reference groups (i.e., Male, Caucasian, and ages 25-59 years), women (OR = 0.62; P < .001) and Asian Americans (OR = 0.33; P < .001) were less likely to endorse preoccupation (Criterion 1). Women were more likely to endorse gambling to escape (Criterion 5) (OR = 2.22; P < .001) but young adults (OR = 0.62; P < .05) were less likely to endorse it. African Americans (OR = 2.50; P < .001) and Hispanics were more likely to endorse trying to cut back (Criterion 3) (OR = 2.01; P < .01). African Americans were more likely to endorse the suffering losses (OR = 2.27; P < .01) criterion. Young adults were more likely to endorse chasing losses (Criterion 9) (OR = 1.81; P < .01) while older adults were less likely to endorse this criterion (OR = 0.76; P < .05). Further research is needed to identify factors contributing to DIF, address criteria level bias, and examine differential test functioning.
CitationSacco, P., Torres, L. R., Cunningham-Williams, R. M., Woods, C., & Unick, G. J. (2011). Differential Item Functioning of Pathological Gambling Criteria: An Examination of Gender, Race/Ethnicity, and Age. Journal of Gambling Studies, 27(2), 317-330.
KeywordDiagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/946
- Differences in the associations between gambling problem severity and psychiatric disorders among black and white adults: findings from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions.
- Authors: Barry DT, Stefanovics EA, Desai RA, Potenza MN
- Issue date: 2011 Jan-Feb
- Measurement invariance of the SF-12 across European-American, Latina, and African-American postpartum women.
- Authors: Desouky TF, Mora PA, Howell EA
- Issue date: 2013 Jun
- Differences between early-onset pathological gambling and later-onset pathological gambling: data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC).
- Authors: Verdura Vizcaíno EJ, Fernández-Navarro P, Petry N, Rubio G, Blanco C
- Issue date: 2014 May
- Psychometric performance of DSM-IV alcohol use disorders in young adulthood: evidence from an Australian general population sample.
- Authors: Mewton L, Teesson M, Slade T, Cottler L
- Issue date: 2011 Sep
- Comorbidity of DSM-IV pathological gambling and other psychiatric disorders: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions.
- Authors: Petry NM, Stinson FS, Grant BF
- Issue date: 2005 May