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dc.contributor.authorWinters, Andrew Madison
dc.date.accessioned2019-05-06T14:36:46Z
dc.date.available2019-05-06T14:36:46Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/8999
dc.description2018
dc.descriptionSocial Work
dc.descriptionUniversity of Maryland, Baltimore
dc.descriptionPh.D.
dc.description.abstractResearch consistently shows that a considerable proportion of adjudicated youth have substantial behavioral health problems; however, few studies compare a range of services for adjudicated youth with behavioral health problems and the association with continued offending. Therefore, the purpose of this longitudinal study is to explore the role of services for youth with behavioral health problems, comparing types of services, and the association with continued offending. The sample consisted of adjudicated youth who were placed in an out-of-home setting (N=2277). As such, placement type was used to explore the role of services. Survival analysis was employed to assess the time at risk for recidivism. Multivariate results suggest boys compared with girls, and youth from urban areas are more likely to recidivate, while older youth and youth who were adjudicated for a felony offense were less likely to recidivate. Youth with a high index of mental health problems had a 16% lower hazard of recidivating, and youth with a moderate and high index of aggression had greater than twice the hazard of recidivating. Youth who were placed in community-based residential programs were 24% less likely to recidivate compared with a more secure setting. As the length of placement increased youth were less likely to recidivate, and youth who had multiple placements were more likely to recidivate. This study is among a few studies comparing a range of services for adjudicated youth with behavioral health problems and strengthens the literature on out-of-home placements. Results suggest community-based placements may act as a buffer for continued offending and aggression problems significantly increase the likelihood of further offending. Furthermore, outcomes from this study suggest a tailored service approach for youth with aggression problems prior to justice involvement is needed. This study provides empirical knowledge for practitioners and policy makers by highlighting service pathways for adjudicated youth with behavioral health problems. Further research is needed to explore key decision entry points in the justice system in which services are most effective at reducing ongoing court involvement. Moreover, future research is needed to address how symptoms and services may differ by gender, race and ethnicity, and age.
dc.subjectSocial work
dc.subjectbehavioral health problemsen_US
dc.subjectservicesen_US
dc.subject.lcshJuvenile justice, Administration ofen_US
dc.subject.lcshJuvenile recidivistsen_US
dc.subject.lcshRecidivismen_US
dc.titleThe association between services and recidivism for adjudicated youth with behavioral health problems
dc.typedissertationen_US
dc.date.updated2019-04-30T11:35:47Z
dc.language.rfc3066en
dc.contributor.advisorBright, Charlotte Lyn
refterms.dateFOA2019-05-06T14:36:46Z


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