A pilot randomized aerobic exercise trial in older HIV-infected men: Insights into strategies for successful aging with HIV
PublisherPublic Library of Science
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AbstractBackground: HIV-infected adults have increased risk for age-related diseases and low cardiorespiratory fitness that can be prevented and improved with exercise. Yet, exercise strategies have not been well studied in older adults with HIV and may require substantial adaptation to this special population. Objective: To determine the safety and efficacy of aerobic exercise in older HIV-infected men in a randomized trial comparing different levels of exercise intensity. Methods: We conducted a pilot exercise trial in 22 HIV-infected men ≥50 years of age receiving antiretroviral therapy who were randomized 1:1 to moderate-intensity aerobic exercise (Mod-AEX) or high-intensity aerobic exercise (High-AEX) that was performed three times weekly for 16 weeks in a supervised setting. Primary outcome was cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2peak) measured by treadmill testing. Secondary outcomes were exercise endurance, six-minute walk distance (6-MWD), body composition measured by Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and fasting plasma levels of lipids and glucose. Results: VO2peak increased in the High-AEX group (3.6 ±1.2 mL/kg/min, p = 0.02) but not in the Mod-AEX group (0.4 ±1.4 mL/kg/min, p = 0.7) with a significant between group difference (p<0.01). Exercise endurance increased in both the High-AEX group (27 ±11%, p = 0.02) and the Mod-AEX group (11 ±4%, p = 0.04). The 6-MWD increased in both the High-AEX (62 ±18m, p = 0.01) and the Mod-AEX group (54 ±14m, p = 0.01). Changes in VO2peak and 6-MWD were clinically relevant. There were no serious exercise-related adverse events. Dropouts were similar between group (27% overall) and were related to joint pain. Conclusions: This pilot exercise trial demonstrates that moderate to high-intensity aerobic exercise in older HIV-infected men increases endurance and ambulatory function. However, increased cardiorespiratory fitness was observed only with high-intensity aerobic exercise despite substantial baseline impairment. Future research is needed to determine exercise strategies in older HIV-infected adults that address advanced aging and comorbidity yet are durable and feasible. Copyright 2018 Public Library of Science. All rights reserved. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85048459530&doi=10.1371%2fjournal.pone.0198855&partnerID=40&md5=f127d302cd322932aca46a3ac5cd2541; http://hdl.handle.net/10713/8936
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