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dc.contributor.authorHuson, H.B.
dc.contributor.authorGranados, T.M.
dc.contributor.authorRasko, Y.
dc.date.accessioned2019-04-29T19:00:55Z
dc.date.available2019-04-29T19:00:55Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85053417068&doi=10.1016%2fj.heliyon.2018.e00779&partnerID=40&md5=9f83a117fc644e9b6d162c56b7a7f62c
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/8880
dc.description.abstractBackground: Marijuana consumption is estimated as upwards of 9.5% of the U.S. adult population. Nevertheless, few trials exist on potential implications for surgical outcomes amongst users. Methods: A current literature review explored marijuana's effects to answer: (I) How is marijuana use screened for in clinical and pre-operative settings? (II) What are potential surgical complications of marijuana use? (III) How should surgeons handle patient marijuana use regarding elective surgery? (IV) Are marijuana's effects the same or different from those of tobacco? Results: In acute settings, marijuana's effects peaked at approximately 1 hour post initiation, lasting 2-4 hours. Marijuana increased cardiac workload, myocardial infarctions and strokes in young, chronic users. Cannabis caused similar pulmonary complications to those of a tobacco smoker. Marijuana caused airway obstruction and increased anesthetic dosages needed to place laryngeal airways. Use within 72 hours of general anesthesia was advised against. In vitro and in vivo studies were contradictory regarding prothrombic or antithrombotic effects. Conclusions: Marijuana use is problematic to surgeons, left without evidence-based approaches. In emergency settings, marijuana use may be unavoidable. However, further research would provide much needed information to guide elective procedures. Copyright 2018 The Authorsen_US
dc.description.urihttps://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2018.e00779en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherElsevier Ltden_US
dc.relation.ispartofHeliyon
dc.subjecthealth professionen_US
dc.subjectsurgeryen_US
dc.subject.meshEvidence-Based Medicineen_US
dc.titleSurgical considerations of marijuana use in elective proceduresen_US
dc.typeReviewen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.heliyon.2018.e00779


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