Short-Term Plasticity at Olfactory Cortex to Granule Cell Synapses Requires CaV2.1 Activation
JournalFrontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
PublisherFrontiers Media S.A.
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractOutput projections of the olfactory bulb (OB) to the olfactory cortex (OCX) and reciprocal feedback projections from OCX provide rapid regulation of OB circuit dynamics and odor processing. Short-term synaptic plasticity (STP), a feature of many synaptic connections in the brain, can modulate the strength of feedback based on preceding network activity. We used light-gated cation channel channelrhodopsin-2 (ChR2) to investigate plasticity of excitatory synaptic currents (EPSCs) evoked at the OCX to granule cell (GC) synapse in the OB. Selective activation of OCX glutamatergic axons/terminals in OB generates strong, frequency-dependent STP in GCs. This plasticity was critically dependent on activation of CaV2.1 channels. As acetylcholine (ACh) modulates CaV2.1 channels in other brain regions and as cholinergic projections from the basal forebrain heavily target the GC layer (GCL) in OB, we investigated whether ACh modulates STP at the OCX→GC synapse. ACh decreases OCX→GC evoked EPSCs, it had no effect on STP. Thus, ACh impact on cortical feedback is independent of CaV2.1-mediated STP. Modulation of OCX feedback to the bulb by modulatory transmitters, such as ACh, or by frequency-dependent STP could regulate the precise balance of excitation and inhibition of GCs. As GCs are a major inhibitory source for OB output neurons, plasticity at the cortical feedback synapse can differentially impact OB output to higher-order networks in situations where ACh inputs are activated or by active sniff sampling of odors. Copyright 2018 Zhou, Puche and Shipley.
Light-gated cation channel channelrhodopsin-2
Short-term synaptic plasticity
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85056880994&doi=10.3389%2ffncel.2018.00387&partnerID=40&md5=c913bd404a0f22d3090dc295b0fccda2; http://hdl.handle.net/10713/8872