ALDH1A1 regulates postsynaptic μ–opioid receptor expression in dorsal striatal projection neurons and mitigates dyskinesia through transsynaptic retinoic acid signaling
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AbstractAldehyde dehydrogenase 1A1 (ALDH1A1), a retinoic acid (RA) synthase, is selectively expressed by the nigrostriatal dopaminergic (nDA) neurons that preferentially degenerate in Parkinson’s disease (PD). ALDH1A1–positive axons mainly project to the dorsal striatum. However, whether ALDH1A1 and its products regulate the activity of postsynaptic striatal neurons is unclear. Here we show that μ–type opioid receptor (MOR1) levels were severely decreased in the dorsal striatum of postnatal and adult Aldh1a1 knockout mice, whereas dietary supplement of RA restores its expression. Furthermore, RA treatment also upregulates striatal MOR1 levels and signaling and alleviates L-DOPA–induced dyskinetic movements in pituitary homeobox 3 (Pitx3)–defcient mice that lack of ALDH1A1–expressing nDA neurons. Therefore, our fndings demonstrate that ALDH1A1–synthesized RA is required for postsynaptic MOR1 expression in the postnatal and adult dorsal striatum, supporting potential therapeutic benefts of RA supplementation in moderating L-DOPA–induced dyskinesia.
SponsorsThis work was supported in part by the intramural research programs of National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health (HC: AG000928) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (WL: 81430021, JP: 81371409).
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Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85062586730&doi=10.1038%2fs41598-019-40326-x&partnerID=40&md5=da7c19357a0e9891a65b98562fdc08de; http://hdl.handle.net/10713/8867