Candidalysin crucially contributes to nlrp3 inflammasome activation by Candida albicans hyphae
PublisherAmerican Society for Microbiology
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AbstractCandida albicans is an opportunistic fungal pathogen that can cause life-threatening infections, particularly in immunocompromised patients. C. albicans induced activation of the Nlrp3 inflammasome, leading to secretion of bioactive interleukin 1β (IL-1β) is a crucial myeloid cell immune response needed for antifungal host defense. Being a pleiomorphic fungus, C. albicans can provoke Nlrp3 inflammasome responses only upon morphological transformation to its hyphal appearance. However, the specific hyphal factors that enable C. albicans to activate the Nlrp3 inflammasome in primary macrophages remain to be revealed. Here, we identify candidalysin, a peptide derived from the hypha-specific ECE1 gene, as a fungal trigger for Nlrp3 inflammasome-mediated maturation and secretion of IL-1β from primary macrophages. Direct peptide administration experiments showed that candidalysin was sufficient for inducing secretion of mature IL-1β from macrophages in an Nlrp3 inflammasome-dependent manner. Conversely, infection experiments using candidalysin-deficient C. albicans showed that candidalysin crucially contributed to the capacity of this fungus to induce maturation and secretion of IL-1β from primary macrophages. These complementary observations identify the expression of candidalysin as one of the molecular mechanisms by which hyphal transformation equips C. albicans with its proinflammatory capacity to elicit the release of bioactive IL-1β from macrophages. Copyright 2019 Rogiers et al.
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85059795994&doi=10.1128%2fmBio.02221-18&partnerID=40&md5=5686caf8a3066634c708bd8c3d4b297e; http://hdl.handle.net/10713/8622