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dc.contributor.authorMartins, Gabriela J.*
dc.date.accessioned2012-02-10T17:26:36Z
dc.date.available2012-02-10T17:26:36Z
dc.date.issued2009
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/858
dc.descriptionUniversity of Maryland in Baltimore. Neuroscience. Ph.D. 2009en_US
dc.description.abstractIntegrating activity across various brain regions is critical for supporting adaptive behavior. GABAergic interneurons are critical for modulating information processing in each brain region. Recent research suggests that GABAergic interneuron development and the subsequent organization of neural circuitry may be altered in neuropsychiatric disorders such as autism. The hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF) and its receptor, Met, have been genetically linked to an autism susceptibility loci and further implicated in the development of the mouse forebrain. In this study, I define the role of HGF/SF in the development of GABAergic interneurons and the subsequent behavioral consequences. HGF/SF, when bound to Met, induces a signaling cascade that can act as a chemoattractant, or a general promoter of cell movement or proliferation in neural tissues. HGF/SF and Met are expressed in the developing telencephalon and alterations in HGF/SF or Met expression appear to modulate proliferation and migration patterns of interneurons. Changes to these mechanisms via HGF/SF-Met signaling lead to alterations in GABAergic interneuron numbers in the adult forebrain, specifically due to altered interneuron migration embryonically. Furthermore, the loss of Met signaling results in aberrantly splayed thalamocortical axon tracts possibly leading to mistargeting of signals in the cortex. Our data suggest that Hgf and Met are required in the embryonic mouse forebrain for the proper development of various systems that are integral to proper neural circuitry formation. Early perturbations to the HGF/SF-Met signaling system in the embryo alter the development of GABAergic interneurons leading to long-term cognitive impairments.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjectdevelopmenten_US
dc.subjectforebrainen_US
dc.subjectGABAergic interneuronen_US
dc.subjectmeten_US
dc.subject.meshHepatocyte Growth Factoren_US
dc.subject.meshProsencephalonen_US
dc.titleThe role of HGF/SF-Met on forebrain GABAergic interneuron developmenten_US
dc.typedissertationen_US
dc.contributor.advisorPowell, Elizabeth M. (Elizabeth Mary)
dc.identifier.ispublishedYesen_US
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