Browsing UMB Open Access Articles 2019 by Subject "knowledge"
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Development and Psychometric Properties of a Prostate Cancer Knowledge Scale for African American MenAfrican American men have the highest prostate cancer-related mortality nationally. In response to this disparity, targeted interventions are emerging to enhance African American men's prostate cancer (PrCA) knowledge to ensure they are equipped to make informed decisions about PrCA screening with health-care providers. African American men's PrCA knowledge has been measured inconsistently over time with limited psychometric evidence. The factor structure of this construct in African American men is relatively unknown. This study describes the development and psychometric evaluation of an 18-item Prostate Cancer Knowledge Scale among 352 African American men. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was conducted using weighted least square mean and variance estimation with Geomin rotation. EFA yielded three factors: PrCA Anatomy and Screening (6 items), Risk Factors (5 items), Warning Signs (7 items) with good internal consistency reliability at KR-20 = .80 for the total scale and .64, .66, and .75, respectively, for each subscale. Factor loadings ranged from .31 to .86. The standardized root mean square residual (0.08) indicated that the factor structure explained most of the correlations. The three-factor, 18-item Prostate Cancer Knowledge Scale demonstrates that PrCA knowledge is a multidimensional construct and has utility for reliably measuring PrCA knowledge among African American men. Future research is required to confirm this factor structure among socio-demographically diverse African Americans.
Establishing the Genomic Knowledge Matrix for Nursing SciencePurpose: To establish the knowledge needed to integrate the multiple branches of omics into nursing research to accelerate achieving the research recommendations of the Genomic Nursing Science Blueprint. Methods: The creation of the Genomic Knowledge Matrix occurred in three phases. In phase 1, the Omics Nursing Science and Education Network (ONSEN) Education Workgroup completed an evidence, bioinformatics, and technology review to inform the components of the Matrix. The ONSEN Advisory Panel then reviewed and integrated revisions. Phase 3 solicited targeted public comment focused on education and research experts, and applicable revisions were made. Findings: The Genomic Knowledge Matrix establishes the following content areas: cellular and molecular biology, system physiology, microbiology, and translational bioinformatics as the minimum required preparation for nurse scientists to understand omics and to integrate this knowledge into research. The Matrix also establishes levels of understanding needed to function based on the role of the nurse scientist. Conclusions: The Genomic Knowledge Matrix addresses knowledge important for nurse scientists to integrate genomics into their research. Building on prior recommendations and existing genomic competencies, the Matrix was designed to present key knowledge elements critical to understand omics that underpin health and disease. Knowledge depth varies based on the research role. Clinical Relevance: The Genomic Knowledge Matrix provides the vital guidance for training nurse scientists in the integration of genomics. The flexibility of the Matrix also provides guidance to inform fundamental genomic content needed in core science content in undergraduate and graduate level nursing curricula. Published 2018. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.