• Intraarterial Therapies for the Management of Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

      Garg, Tushar; Shrigiriwar, Apurva; Habibollahi, Peiman; Cristescu, Mircea; Liddell, Robert P; Chapiro, Julius; Inglis, Peter; Camacho, Juan C; Nezami, Nariman (MDPI AG, 2022-07-10)
      Image-guided locoregional therapies play a crucial role in the management of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Transarterial therapies consist of a group of catheter-based treatments where embolic agents are delivered directly into the tumor via their supplying arteries. Some of the transarterial therapies available include bland embolization (TAE), transarterial chemoembolization (TACE), drug-eluting beads-transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE), selective internal radioembolization therapy (SIRT), and hepatic artery infusion (HAI). This article provides a review of pre-procedural, intra-procedural, and post-procedural aspects of each therapy, along with a review of the literature. Newer embolotherapy options and future directions are also briefly discussed.