• Impact of Sources of Strengths on Coping and Safety of Immigrant Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence.

      Sabri, Bushra; Avignon, Karissa; Murray, Sarah; Njie-Carr, Veronica P S; Young, Anna Marie; Noor-Oshiro, Amelia; Arscott, Joyell; Messing, Jill; Campbell, Jacquelyn C (SAGE Publications Inc., 2020-12-14)
      Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a national and international public health and human rights concern. Immigrant women are disproportionately affected by IPV that includes homicides. This study explored the perspectives of survivors of IPV, who are immigrants to the United States, regarding their sources of strength that enhance their safety and promote coping in abusive relationships. Data for this qualitative study were collected from ethnically diverse immigrant women residing in Massachusetts, Arizona, Virginia, Washington, D.C., New York, Minnesota, and California, using purposive and snowball sampling techniques. Eighty-three in-depth interviews were conducted with adult immigrant survivors of IPV who self-identified as Asian (n = 30), Latina (n = 30), and African (n = 23). Data were analyzed using thematic analysis. Women identified both external (e.g., community support, support from social service agencies) and internal (e.g., optimism, faith, beliefs) sources of strength. The study highlights how these sources can adequately address needs of survivors and offers areas for improvement in services for survivors. The findings are informative for practitioners serving immigrant survivors of IPV in legal, social service, and physical and mental health settings.
    • Postpartum depression and its association with intimate partner violence and inadequate social support in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

      Desta, Melaku; Memiah, Peter; Kassie, Bekalu; Ketema, Daniel Bekele; Amha, Haile; Getaneh, Temesgen; Sintayehu, Mezinew (Elsevier Ltd., 2020-11-12)
      We systematically searched international databases like PubMed, Web of Science, SCOPUS, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Google Scholar, Science Direct, and the Cochrane Library. All identified observational studies reporting the postpartum depression and or its predictors in Ethiopia were included. Two authors independently extracted all necessary data using a standardized data extraction format. The I2 statistics were used to assess the heterogeneity of the studies. A random-effects model was computed to estimate the pooled prevalence of postpartum depression and its associations with the selected predictors.
    • Psychosocial Factors Associated with Healthy and Unhealthy Interpregnancy Intervals

      Young, R.; Lane, W.G.; Stephens, S.B.; Mayden, B.W., (Mary Ann Liebert Inc., 2018)
      Purpose: To examine the influence of psychosocial factors, including anxiety, depression, social support, maternal substance abuse, and intimate partner violence (IPV) on interpregnancy intervals (IPIs). Methods: B'more for Healthy Babies-Upton/Druid Heights is part of a citywide initiative to improve the health of at-risk pregnant women and their children. Participants with at least one prior birth completed baseline, postpartum, and 3-month follow-up surveys with questions about pregnancy, medical, and psychosocial history. Associations between IPI and the independent variables were assessed using chi-square analysis and analysis of variance. Multivariable multinomial logistic regression models examined significant associations while controlling for other independent variables and potential confounders. Results: Participants with current IPV were more likely to have a short IPI (odds ratio [OR]=13.1; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.07-158.9; p=0.04) than healthy IPI. Women with family social support were more likely to have a healthy IPI (OR=5.88, 95% CI=1.02-31.25, p=0.05) than those without family social support. Maternal anxiety and depression did not significantly influence IPI. Conclusion: IPV increased the likelihood of having an unhealthy IPI among this population and family social support increased the likelihood of having a healthy IPI. Additional efforts to address IPV and enhance family social support may lead to improved pregnancy outcomes. Copyright Ruth Young et al. 2018.