Child welfare accountability: Annual report of Maryland performance indicators
MetadataShow full item record
Other TitlesResearch in Support of Child Welfare Policy & Programs
Maryland Child Welfare Performance Indicators. 1st Annual Child Welfare Accountability Report
Annual Child Welfare Accountability Report
AbstractExecutive Summary: The Child Welfare Accountability Act of 2006 increased legislative oversight of the Maryland Quality Assurance processes in child welfare. The Act also provides a framework for the Department of Human Resources (DHR) to partner with the University of Maryland School of Social Work (UMB/SSW) to develop the Maryland Quality Assurance (QA) Collaborative. The purpose of the Collaborative is to evaluate quality ssurance processes and make recommendations for improvement. This annual report summarizes: (1) indicators of Maryland’s performance in promoting positive outcomes for children and families involved with the child welfare system and (2) recommendations on how to improve outcomes measurement in child welfare. A separate companion report entitled "Child Welfare Accountability: Evaluating Quality Assurance Processes in Maryland", describes and evaluates current QA processes. Acknowledgements: Report was prepared by faculty and staff at the University of Maryland, School of Social Work's Ruth H. Young Center for Families & Children and Family Welfare Research and Training Group in partnership with staff at the Department of Human Resources, Social Service Administration
Table of ContentsExecutive Summary; Maryland's Child Welfare Performance Indicators; Summary of Findings; Summary of Recommendations; Introduction; Methods for Calculating Maryland's Child Welfare Performance Indicators; Baseline Population-Level Data; In-Depth Sample-Level Quality Assurance Data; Cautions and Caveats; Child Welfare Accountability Performance Indicators; 5-1303 Child Abuse and Neglect; 5-1304 Protecting Children in Out-of-Home Care from Abuse and Neglect; 5-1305 Permanency and Stability of Children in Out-of Home Care; 5-1306 Addresing the Well-Being of Children in Out-of-Home Care; Discussion of Existing Performance Indicators; Recommendations for Improvements in Future Performance Indicator Reports; References; Appendix A: Summary of Maryland Performance Indicators; Appendix B: Supervisory Review Completion Rate
Series/Report No.Child Welfare Research;
SponsorsMaryland Higher Education Commission(MHEC)- yr 1; Maryland Department of Human Resources - yr 2.
Abused children--Services for--Evaluation
University of Maryland, Baltimore. School of Social Work--Projects and Reports
Foster Home Care--standards
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/84
The following license files are associated with this item:
- Creative Commons
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
The impact of organizational culture and climate in child welfare agencies on outcomes for children involved in the child welfare system: A multi-level analysis of a nationally representative sampleGoering, Emily Smith; Hopkins, Karen M., 1954- (2019)Child welfare organizations in the U.S. are tasked with the overarching goal of protecting children from abuse and neglect. The achievement of this goal has been found to be difficult and some child welfare organizations seem to be more effective at reaching this goal than others. A dearth of empirical literature exists in understanding how child welfare organizational functioning impacts its ability to achieve positive outcomes for the children who come into contact with their local child welfare system. An extensive review of the literature revealed that culture and climate of organizations may play an important role, but the existing research is unclear about the extent and direction of that role. Additionally, methodological issues with the existing studies threaten the validity of the results. The present dissertation builds on existing research and conducts secondary analysis using a nationally representative sample. The study applied theories of organizational social context and ecological model to answer the research question: When controlling for risk factors related to child characteristics and organizational contextual characteristics, to what extent do the culture and climate of the child welfare agency impact child-level outcomes? Using the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Wellbeing (NSCAW II), bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to answer the research question. Results indicate that individual, agency, and local context characteristics impact recurrence of abuse during the study period. At the individual level, living in a poor household and having prior substantiated maltreatment increased the odds of recurrence. At the agency-level, of the six culture and climate variables, only the climate score of functionality had an impact on risk of recurrence. The agency-level local context variable of county child poverty had the largest effect on recurrence and added explained variance to the model. However, both significant agency-level variables did not impact recurrence in the expected direction. Future research should continue to focus on research methods, better conceptualization and measurement of organizational constructs, and utilize an ecological perspective approach.
Professional Education for Child Welfare Practice: Improving Retention In Public Child Welfare AgenciesZlotnik, Joan Levy; DePanfilis, Diane; Daining, Clara; McDermott Lane, Melissa (2005-07)A recent systematic review of research and outcome studies was undertaken by the Institute for the Advancement of Social Work Research (IASWR) in collaboration with the University of Maryland School of Social Work to answer the question: What conditions (personal and organizational factors) and strategies influence the retention of staff in public child welfare agencies? Of the 154 studies and reports found, 25 research studies specifically focused on child welfare populations and examined retention as the dependent variable. Of those research reports, seven focused on a specific strategy – Title IV-E Education for Child Welfare Practice — in examining retention outcomes. This Brief provides information about the Title IV-E Education for Child Welfare Practice program and examines the findings of those seven studies. This can both inform the field about the outcomes of Title IV-E supported educational opportunities as well as effective retention strategies.
The neighborhood correlates of child maltreatment: Montgomery County, MarylandErnst, Joy Swanson; Zuravin, Susan J., 1944- (1999)This study aimed to extend theoretical and empirical knowledge about the neighborhood-level determinants of child maltreatment in a suburban jurisdiction. The objectives were to: (1) compare the distribution by neighborhood of physical abuse, neglect, and sexual abuse; (2) identify and compare the neighborhood correlates of these three types of child maltreatment; (3) identify and compare racial- and ethnic-specific rates and correlates of child maltreatment; and (4) replicate a study of community-level factors and child maltreatment in Cleveland, Ohio, with Montgomery County, Maryland, data. Families investigated for child maltreatment in 1995 were matched to their U.S. census tract, the operational definition of neighborhood. Rates of maltreatment were calculated and mapped for each of the county's 159 tracts and used as dependent variables in regression models that revealed the neighborhood-level correlates of three, types of maltreatment and racial- and ethnic-specific rates of maltreatment. Predictor variables hypothesized to represent economic and social resources were derived from 1990 U.S. census data. To replicate the Cleveland study, variables representing levels of community social organization were subjected to a principal components analysis. Factors derived from that analysis were used as independent variables in a regression analysis of the child maltreatment rate.;Results for each objective extended knowledge of neighborhood-level factors associated with maltreatment. First, the distribution of child maltreatment varied by type of maltreatment and by neighborhood. Physical abuse was the most common; sexual abuse the least common. Second, variables representing economic and social resources accounted for a significant proportion of the variance in rates of physical abuse, neglect, and sexual abuse. Social resource variables contributed independently to the variance in the rates of physical abuse. Significant correlates varied by type of maltreatment. Third, the rates and distribution of maltreatment differed by racial and ethnic group, with the highest rates among Black families and the lowest among White families. The set of predictor variables accounted for a significant proportion of the variance in the rates of both White and Black maltreatment. Fourth, the replication revealed that neighborhood rates of child maltreatment varied with community-level factors associated with economic disadvantage and residential instability.