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dc.contributor.authorGoplerud, Eric N.
dc.contributor.authorHodge, Sarah
dc.contributor.authorBenham, Tess
dc.identifier.citationGoplerud, E., Hodge, S. & Benham, T. (2017). A substance use cost calculator for US employers with an emphasis on prescription pain medication misuse. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 59(11), 1063-1071.en_US
dc.descriptionFrom the NORC at the University of Chicago, Bethesda, Maryland (Dr Goplerud, Ms Hodge); and National Safety Council, Itasca, Illinois (Ms Benham).en_US
dc.description.abstractObjective: Substance use disorders are among the most common and costly health conditions affecting Americans. Despite estimates of national costs exceeding $400 billion annually, individual companies may not see how substance use impacts their bottom lines through lost productivity and absenteeism, turnover, health care expenses, disability, and workers’ compensation. Methods: Data on employed adults (18 years and older) from 3 years (2012 to 2014) of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health Public Use Data Files were analyzed. Results: The results offer employers an authoritative, free, epidemiologically grounded, and easy-to-use tool that gives specific information about how alcohol, prescription pain medication misuse, and illicit drug use is likely impacting workplaces like theirs. Conclusion: Employers have detailed reports of the cost of substance use that can be used to improve workplace policies and health benefits.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipFunding for this study was provided by a contract from the National Safety Council. All sources of support were provided by National Safety Council, Shatterproof.en_US
dc.publisherWolters Kluwer Health, Inc.en_US
dc.subjectsubstance use disordersen_US
dc.subjecthealth care expensesen_US
dc.subjectReal Costs of Substance Use in Your Workforceen_US
dc.subject.lcshSubstance abuse--Economic aspects--United Statesen_US
dc.subject.lcshLabor productivityen_US
dc.subject.lcshAbsenteeism (Labor)en_US
dc.subject.meshPrescription Drug Misuseen_US
dc.titleA Substance Use Cost Calculator for US Employers With an Emphasis on Prescription Pain Medication Misuseen_US

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