Maryland Child Welfare Performance Indicators. 3rd Annual Child Welfare Accountability Report
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Other TitlesAnnual Child Welfare Accountability Report
Research in Support of Child Welfare Policy & Programs
AbstractExecutive Summary: The Child Welfare Acountability Act of 2006 (Maryland Family Law, Section 1301-1311 inclusive) specified a set of performance indicators covering four categories of child welfare practice: 1. Child abuse and neglect, 2. Protecting children in out-of-home care from abuse and neglect, 3. Permanency and stability of children in out-of-home care, and 4. Effectiveness of efforts to address the health, mental health, education, and well-being of children in out-of-home care. This report describes and documents the performance indicators mandated in the Act for the period July 1, 2008 through June 30, 2009. A separate companion report entitled "Evaluating Quality Assurance Processes in Maryland" describes and evaluates Quality Assurance processes in calendar year 2009. Acknowledgements: This report was prepared by faculty and staff of the University of Maryland, School of Social Work's Ruth H. Young Center for Families & Children (RYC) in partnership with staff at the Department of Human Resources, Social Services Administration (DHR/SSA). Diane DePanfilis, Terry V. Shaw, Haksoon Ahn, and Nina Esaki co-manage the interagency agreement that supports the development of this report. Terry V. Shaw and Haksoon Ahn developed the performance indicators found in this report with the assistance of David Ayer from DHR/SSA. Carnitra White, Richard Larson, David Ayer and Linda Carter at DHR/SSA guided the activities of the outcomes measurement and performance indicators process.
Table of ContentsExecutive Summary; Summary of Findings; Summary of Recommendations for Measurement of Maryland's Child Welare Performance; Methods for Calculating Maryland's Child Welfare Performance Indicators; MD CHESSIE; Modifications of Indicators; 5-1303.1 Recurrence of abuse or neglect; 5-1303.3 Maltreatment of Children Remaining in the Home after CPS Investigation; 5-1303.2 Supervisory Review of Screened Out Cases; 5-1303.4 Timeliness of CPS Investigations; 5-1303.5 Service Provision and Safety Outcomes for Indicated and Unsubstantiated Cases of Abuse and Neglect; 5-1304 Protecting Children in Out-of-Home Care from Abuse and Neglect; 5-1304.1 Abuse or Neglect of Children in State Custody; 5-1304.2 Abuse or Neglect after Release from Out-of-Home Care; 5-1305 Permanency and Stability of Children in Out-of-Home Care; 5-1305.5 Out-of-Home Placement Type; 5-1305.2 Multiple Placements in a One-Year Period; 5-1305.3 Placement with Siblings; 5-1305.4 Exits from Out-of-Home Care; 5-1305.1 Time to Exit from Out-of-Home Care; 5-1305.8 Re-Entry into Out-of-Home Care; 5-1305.6 Number of Available Foster and Treatment Foster Homes; 5-1305.7 Regulation of Foster and Treatment Foster Homes; 5-1306 Addressing the well-being of children in out-of-home care; 5-1306.1 Comprehensive Assessment; 5-1306.2 Health Examinations; 5-1306.3 School Enrollment; Measuring Child Welfare Performance in Maryland; Discussion of Existing Performance Indicators; Recommendations for Improvements; References; Appendix A: Summary of Maryland Performance Indicators
Series/Report No.Child Welfare Research;
SponsorsFUNDING SOURCE: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Social Services Administration
Abused children--Services for--Evaluation
University of Maryland, Baltimore. School of Social Work--Projects and Reports
Foster Home Care
Foster Home Care--standards
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/652
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Maryland Child Welfare Perfomance Indicators 2nd Annual Child Welfare Accountability ReportDePanfilis, Diane; Shaw, Terry V.; Kaye, Sarah (2008-12)The Child Welfare Accountability Act of 2006 (Maryland Family Law, Section 1301 through 1311 inclusive) specified a set of performance indicators covering four categories of child welfare practice: Child abuse and neglect, Protecting children in out-of-home care from abuse and neglect, Permanency and stability of children in out-of-home care, and Effectiveness of efforts to address the health, mental health, education, and well-being of children in out-of-home care. This report describes and documents the performance indicators mandated in the Act for the period July 1, 2007 through June 30, 2008. A separate companion report entitled Evaluating Quality Assurance Processes in Maryland describes and evaluates Quality Assurance processes in calendar year 2008.
The impact of organizational culture and climate in child welfare agencies on outcomes for children involved in the child welfare system: A multi-level analysis of a nationally representative sampleGoering, Emily Smith; Hopkins, Karen M., 1954- (2019)Child welfare organizations in the U.S. are tasked with the overarching goal of protecting children from abuse and neglect. The achievement of this goal has been found to be difficult and some child welfare organizations seem to be more effective at reaching this goal than others. A dearth of empirical literature exists in understanding how child welfare organizational functioning impacts its ability to achieve positive outcomes for the children who come into contact with their local child welfare system. An extensive review of the literature revealed that culture and climate of organizations may play an important role, but the existing research is unclear about the extent and direction of that role. Additionally, methodological issues with the existing studies threaten the validity of the results. The present dissertation builds on existing research and conducts secondary analysis using a nationally representative sample. The study applied theories of organizational social context and ecological model to answer the research question: When controlling for risk factors related to child characteristics and organizational contextual characteristics, to what extent do the culture and climate of the child welfare agency impact child-level outcomes? Using the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Wellbeing (NSCAW II), bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to answer the research question. Results indicate that individual, agency, and local context characteristics impact recurrence of abuse during the study period. At the individual level, living in a poor household and having prior substantiated maltreatment increased the odds of recurrence. At the agency-level, of the six culture and climate variables, only the climate score of functionality had an impact on risk of recurrence. The agency-level local context variable of county child poverty had the largest effect on recurrence and added explained variance to the model. However, both significant agency-level variables did not impact recurrence in the expected direction. Future research should continue to focus on research methods, better conceptualization and measurement of organizational constructs, and utilize an ecological perspective approach.
Factors contributing to maternal protectiveness following the disclosure of intrafamilial child sexual abuse: A documentary study based on reports of Child Protective Service workersHeriot, Jessica K.; Ephross, Paul H. (1991)This study investigate maternal protectiveness following the disclosure of intrafamilial child sexual abuse. Two questions were posed: (1) What proportion of mothers act in a protective way following the disclosure of child sexual abuse, and (2) What factors are associated with maternal non protection? Maternal protectiveness was operationalized in two ways: (1) The mother takes action to physically separate herself and her abused child from the perpetrator, and (2) she feels and acts supportively toward her sexually abused child. The study investigated fourteen factors thought to be associated with maternal non protectiveness. They were grouped in three categories: individual maternal factors, child characteristics, and factors pertaining to the mother's relationship to the perpetrator. The study also investigated the relationship between maternal belief and maternal protectiveness. The study population was drawn from substantiated cases of child sexual abuse reported to Baltimore City and County Sexual Abuse Intake Units, Division of Child Protective Services. The sample consisted of 118 mothers whose children were abused by a family member or the mother's partner with whom the mother and the child were living when the abuse was reported to Child Protective Services. At the close of the intake period, data was collected on maternal protectiveness via a questionnaire given to intake workers. The majority of mothers took action to separate themselves and their children from the perpetrator (56.8%). Two-thirds of the mothers were supportive of their sexually abused children. Fifty-two percent of the mothers both separated from the perpetrator and were supportive of their children. Mothers whose feelings toward the perpetrator were warm and accepting were more likely to be non protective than mothers whose feelings were hostile and rejecting. Mothers of seriously abused children were more likely to be non protective than mothers of less seriously abused children. In addition, mothers who abused drug and/or alcohol and mothers of children abused by a husband or boyfriend were at risk for non protection. Finally, mothers of older children were less likely to be protective than mothers of younger children.