Maryland Child Welfare Performance Indicators. 4th Annual Child Welfare Accountability Report
Other TitlesResearch in Support of Child Welfare Policy & Programs
Annual Child Welfare Accountability Report
AbstractExecutive Summary: The Child Welfare Accountability Act of 2006 (Maryland Family Law, Section 1301-1311 inclusive) specified the development and implementation of a process to measure the efficiency and effectiveness of child welfare services in Maryland that addresses the safety, permanency and well-being of children in the care and custody of the state. A set of performance indicators were established that encompassed and expanded upon extant federal measures in four areas of child welfare practice: 1. Child abuse and neglect, 2. Protecting children in out-of-home care from abuse and neglect, 3. Permanency and stability of children in out-of-home care, and 4. Effectiveness of efforts to address the health, mental health, education, and well-being of children in out-of-home care. This report, the fourth report completed, describes and documents the performance indicators mandated in the Act for the period July 1, 2009 through June 30, 2010 and compares the states progress in relation to outcomes from prior years. A separate companion report entitled "Quality Assurance Processes in Maryland Child Welfare" describes and evaluates Quality Assurance processes in calendar year 2010. Acknowledgements: This rport was prepared by faculty and staff at the University of Maryland, School of Social Work's Ruth H. Young Center for Families & Children (RYC) in partnership with staff at the Department of Human Resources, Social Services Administration (DHR/SSA). Diane DePanfilis, Terry V. Shaw and Haksoon Ahn co-manage the interagency agreement that supports the development of this report. Terry V. Shaw developed the performance indicators found in this report with the assistance of David Ayer from DHR/SSA. Carnitra White, Richard Larson, David Ayer and Linda Carter at DHR/SSA guided the activities of the outcomes measurment and performance indicators process.
Table of ContentsExective Summary; Summary of Findings; Summary of Federal Outcome Measures covered in the CWAA; Summary of Recommendatons for Measurement of Maryland's Child Welfare System Performance; Methods for Calculating Maryland's Child Welfare Performance Indicators; MD CHESSIE; Modifications of Indicators; 5-1303 Child Abuse and Neglect; 5-1303.1 Recurrence of abuse or neglect; 5-1303.3 Maltreatment of Children Remaining in the Home after CPS Investigation; 5-1303.2 Supervisory Review of Screened Out Cases; 5-1303.4 Timeliness of CPS Investigations; 5-1303.5 Service Provision and Safety Outcomes for Indicated and Unsubstantiated Cases of Abuse and Neglect; 5-1304 Protecting Children in Out-of-Home Care from Abuse and Neglect; 5-1304.1 Abuse or Neglect of Children in State Custody; 5-1304.2 Abuse or Neglect after Release from Out-of-Home Care; 5-1305 Permanency and Stability of Children in Out-of-Home Care; 5-1305.5 Out-of-Home Placement Type; 5-1305.2 Multiple Placements in a One-Year Period; 5-1305.3 Placement with Siblings; 5-1305.4 Exits from Out-of-Home Care; 5-1305.1 Time to Exit from Out-of-Home Care; 5-1305.8 Re-Entry into Out-of-Home Care; 5-1305.6 Number of Available Foster and Treatment Foster Homes; 5-1305.7 Regulation of Foster and Treatment Foster Homes; 5-1306 Addressing the well-being of children in out-of-home care; 5-1306.1 Comprehensive Assessments; 5-1306.2 Health Examinations; 5-1306.3 School Enrollment; Measuring Child Welfare Performance in Maryland; Recommendations for Improvements of Performance Indicators; References; Appendix A: Summary of Maryland Performance Indicators
Series/Report No.Child Welfare Research;
SponsorsFUNDING SOURCE: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Social Services Administration
Abused children--Services for--Evaluation
University of Maryland, Baltimore. School of Social Work--Projects and Reports
Foster Home Care
Foster Home Care--standards
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/643
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Maryland Child Welfare Perfomance Indicators 2nd Annual Child Welfare Accountability ReportDePanfilis, Diane; Shaw, Terry V.; Kaye, Sarah (2008-12)The Child Welfare Accountability Act of 2006 (Maryland Family Law, Section 1301 through 1311 inclusive) specified a set of performance indicators covering four categories of child welfare practice: Child abuse and neglect, Protecting children in out-of-home care from abuse and neglect, Permanency and stability of children in out-of-home care, and Effectiveness of efforts to address the health, mental health, education, and well-being of children in out-of-home care. This report describes and documents the performance indicators mandated in the Act for the period July 1, 2007 through June 30, 2008. A separate companion report entitled Evaluating Quality Assurance Processes in Maryland describes and evaluates Quality Assurance processes in calendar year 2008.
The impact of organizational culture and climate in child welfare agencies on outcomes for children involved in the child welfare system: A multi-level analysis of a nationally representative sampleGoering, Emily Smith; Hopkins, Karen M., 1954- (2019)Child welfare organizations in the U.S. are tasked with the overarching goal of protecting children from abuse and neglect. The achievement of this goal has been found to be difficult and some child welfare organizations seem to be more effective at reaching this goal than others. A dearth of empirical literature exists in understanding how child welfare organizational functioning impacts its ability to achieve positive outcomes for the children who come into contact with their local child welfare system. An extensive review of the literature revealed that culture and climate of organizations may play an important role, but the existing research is unclear about the extent and direction of that role. Additionally, methodological issues with the existing studies threaten the validity of the results. The present dissertation builds on existing research and conducts secondary analysis using a nationally representative sample. The study applied theories of organizational social context and ecological model to answer the research question: When controlling for risk factors related to child characteristics and organizational contextual characteristics, to what extent do the culture and climate of the child welfare agency impact child-level outcomes? Using the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Wellbeing (NSCAW II), bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to answer the research question. Results indicate that individual, agency, and local context characteristics impact recurrence of abuse during the study period. At the individual level, living in a poor household and having prior substantiated maltreatment increased the odds of recurrence. At the agency-level, of the six culture and climate variables, only the climate score of functionality had an impact on risk of recurrence. The agency-level local context variable of county child poverty had the largest effect on recurrence and added explained variance to the model. However, both significant agency-level variables did not impact recurrence in the expected direction. Future research should continue to focus on research methods, better conceptualization and measurement of organizational constructs, and utilize an ecological perspective approach.
Quality Assurance Processes in Maryland Child Welfare. 3rd Annual Child Welfare Accountability ReportDePanfilis, Diane; Esaki, Nina; Gregory, Gillian, M.S.W.; Hayward, R. Anna; Shaw, Terry V. (2009-12)Executive Summary: The goal of the projects encompassed in the Child Welfare Accountability Act is to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of child welfare services in Maryland. The Maryland Quality Assurance (QA) unit does this through the evaluation of quality assurance processes and system implementation processes in Maryland child welfare. Although Maryland has mechanisms in place to successfully achieve objectives of a comprehensive Quality Assurance system, it has yet to realize its full potential for identifying strengths and needs and providing a framework for meaningful program and systems improvement. Acknowledgements: This report was compiled by faculty and staff at the University of Maryland, School of Social Work's Ruth H. Young Center for Families & Children (RYC) in partnership with staff at the Department of Human Resources, Social Service Administration (DHR/SSA). Diane DePanfilis, Sarah Kaye, and Terry V. Shaw managed the interagency agreement for the Quality Assurance process. Gillian Gregory led the Local Supervisory Review process and Foster Parent Survey. Anna Hayward oversaw the Family Centered Practice evaluation component. Nina Esaki assisted with the preparation of this report. Carnitra White, Richard Larson, David Ayer and Linda Carter at DHR/SSA guided the activities related to the Quality Assurance process. The Quality Assurance unit at DHR/SSA includes Linda Carter, Shirley Brown, Josephine Lambert, Dee Ritterpusch, and Jewel Wilson. A separate companion report, "Maryland Child Welfare Performance Indicators: 3rd Annual Child Welfare Accountability Report," describes Maryland's performance on the outcome and performance measures outlined by the Child Welfare Accountability Act.