• The construction and testing of a measure of parental knowledge of home-based injury risks to preschool children

      Fickling, Judith Ann Whiting; Orme, John G. (1993)
      Injury of children is a major public health problem; each year, more children die from preventable, unintentional injuries than from all other childhood diseases combined. The high incidence of residential childhood injuries suggests that parents may not be aware of safety risks present in the home, of injury control strategies, or of children's developmental capabilities. Other studies have demonstrated the need of parents of all socioeconomic and geographic backgrounds for injury control information and interventions. The ability to determine parents' awareness of injury control issues is critical to the development of effective and efficient injury prevention interventions. No measure of parental knowledge of injury control with demonstrated reliability and validity is available. This study developed and tested the reliability and validity of a measure of parental knowledge of residential injury risks to preschool children. Two methods were used to develop and test the Awareness of Risks in the Child's Home (ARCH) for reliability and validity: intensive interview and survey. The intensive interview was used to determine the readability and clarity of a pool of items. Four surveys were conducted with different convenience samples to (1) assess the content validity of the pool of items, (2) assess the internal consistency and construct validity of the ARCH, (3) assess the criterion (known groups) validity of the ARCH, and (4) assess the test-retest reliability of the ARCH. Two factors emerged from the 40-item measure. The 11-item factor named Informed Knowledge obtained an internal consistency reliability of.75 and a test-retest reliability of.42; the 8-item factor named Conventional Knowledge obtained an internal consistency reliability of.70 and a test-retest reliability of.80. A statistically significant difference between the scores on the measure of the public health sample and the pediatrician sample was obtained. A statistically significant correlation also was obtained by each factor with a measure of locus of control. Results of this initial attempt to construct a measure of parental knowledge of home-based injury risks to preschool children suggests potential for further development of the ARCH. Future testing should include other populations, such as mothers from different socioeconomic groups and with fathers and male guardians.
    • EAP and COVID-19 2021: Back to School in the Next Normal: How to Support the Mental Health of Parents, Children, and Coworkers

      Arvig, Tyler (2021-08)
      Set of Power Point slides dealing with issues of Back To School: With August coming to an end, it's time for kids to go back to school. On top of the daily stressors, the start of school can bring up different emotions for both parents and their children. With the unique circumstances of the next normal, those emotions can trickle into your work life. Even if you're not a parent, you are likely in a position to support your coworkers who are dealing with these questions: 1) What do the current COVID-19 variants mean for the return to school? 2) How can you support your child through this change and keep them safe, both physically and psychologically? 3) Expert and practical advice for supporting the mental health and well-being of you, your colleagues, and your children during the return to school.
    • How to talk to your children about racism

      Concern EAP (Concern EAP, 2020)
      As protests spill into a second week, many parents are struggling with the need to protect their children from seeing the worst of the violence while at the same time trying to explain the consequences of racism. Whether from social media, talking with friends, or overhearing conversations, children know what’s going on. This might be a good time to start a conversation so that they don’t have to navigate their feelings alone, and to keep the conversation going when we’re not in a crisis mode.
    • What Could Be: Embracing Family-Friendly Trends in the New Workplace

      Hemm, Amanda (2021-06-04)
      It is possible - perhaps even probable - that we will emerge after COVID with the majority of companies trending in a more parent-friendly and caregiver supportive direction. As we roll into the second summer of COVID, the mood has changed. Shots are in more arms than not, masks are coming off, schools and camps are happening, and workplaces are trying to figure out what comes next. The optimism is real and so is the undercurrent of caution. It’s been 15 months of shifting sands and many of us are not quite ready to believe that we have arrived at the“new normal” yet. While I can’t pretend to know what the post-COVID world will look like, I do know that we have a responsibility to keep pushing for the changes we want to see.