Recent Submissions

  • EAP and COVID-19: Sharing the Vision: A mental Health Policy for Everyone

    Government of Ireland. Department of Health, 2020
    The publication of the Vision for Change mental health policy in 2006 set a high standard for the development of mental health policy in Ireland. As a result, there have been many important changes in the past decade aimed at improving people’s health and wellbeing. In recent times, mental health has received much attention. The outbreak of COVID 19 throughout the world created significant stress, anxiety, worry and fear for many people. The disease itself was further compounded by other impacts such as social isolation, disruption to daily life, uncertainty about employment and financial security. The Government response was rapid and a wholeof-population plan was put in place to support healthcare staff and the general population by providing health and wellbeing advice, resilience based training and providing free online interventions such as counselling and crisis texting for all in need. Indeed, the ability to create additional online interventions to augment existing services with such a wide reach, has in many ways changed how we treat the mild to moderate mental health needs of the population. In many ways the pandemic assisted Ireland to improve public attitudes to mental health because of the statutory, voluntary and community commitment to raising awareness and creating positive changes in how Ireland thinks about and delivers mental health services.
  • Social Workers and Disproportionate Minority Contact: A Mixed Methods Study

    Afkinich, Jenny Lee; Bright, Charlotte Lyn (2020)
    Disproportionate minority contact (DMC) is the disproportionate representation of racial minority youth at all levels of the juvenile justice system. DMC is evident in rates of initial arrests, referrals to court, delinquency findings/ adjudications, out-of-home placements, and transfers to adult criminal court. Race remains a significant predictor of legal outcomes for youth even when factors such as prior legal history and current charge severity are considered despite White and minority youth reporting similar levels of offending. This mixed methods study examined the relationship between community social workers employed by the South Carolina Department of Juvenile Justice (SC DJJ) in the agency’s county offices and DMC. Administrative data from SC DJJ was utilized to determine the extent of DMC in the state, to compare legal outcomes (i.e., receiving confinement dispositions and being waived to adult court) for youth in counties with community social workers to youth in counties that do not employ community social workers, and to compare the legal outcomes for youth in counties with community social workers over time. The results indicate that DMC continues to exist in South Carolina when measured via relative rate indices. Overall, there was little evidence that employing community social workers is sufficient to reduce DMC at the disposition or waiver stage. Qualitative interviews with nine of the 11 community social workers were used to identify and understand the mechanisms, barriers, and facilitators for reducing DMC. The findings suggest multiple nuanced ways the social workers can play a role in reducing DMC. The social workers identified two stages in the juvenile justice process in which they can and have had an impact on increasing equity: (1) out-of-home placement decisions for youth on probation or parole and (2) determining probation requirements. The social workers described a need for hiring additional social workers. They also believe they could train police officers and school officials about alternatives to making a referral to SC DJJ to reduce inequitable decisions at the front-end of the juvenile justice system. Implications for the study include an expanded role for community social workers and new ways to examine DMC quantitatively.
  • Workplace stress, organizational factors and EAP utilization

    Azzone, Vanessa; McCann, Bernard A.; Merrick, Elizabeth S. Levy; Hiatt, Deidre; Hodgkin, Dominic; Horgan, Constance M. (Taylor and Francis, 2009-06-01)
    This study examined relationships between workplace stress, organizational factors and use of EAP counseling services delivered by network providers in a large, privately-insured population.Claims data were linked to measures of workplace stress, focus on wellness/prevention, EAP promotion, and EAP activities for health care plan enrollees from 26 employers. The association of external environment and work organization variables with use of EAP counseling services was examined. Higher levels of EAP promotion and worksite activities were associated with greater likelihood of service use. Greater focus on wellness/prevention and unusual and significant stress were associated with lower likelihood of service use. Results provide stakeholders with insights on approaches to increasing utilization of EAP services.
  • Seventy-Five Years of Policy on Alcohol Problems: An American Perspective

    Roman, Paul M. (2014)
    Objective: This article traces the evolution of alcohol- related social policy over the past 75 years. Method: The literature was reviewed and is critically discussed. Results: The social history of alcohol policies over the last 75 years began with the scientific approach to alcohol in the 1930s and later shifted to a central interest in the disease of alcoholism. Beginning with the National Council on Alcoholism Education, advocates struggled to “mainstream” treatment for this disease into the health care system. Major steps included decriminalization of public intoxication, emphasis of the social respectability of persons with alcohol problems, development of a treatment system that was accompanied by health insurance coverage, and work-based programs to identify and attract employed patients with health insurance coverage. These structures were considerably altered by the War on Drugs, managed care, and the merger of drug and alcohol treatment. The Affordable Care Act, however, has the potential for achieving the mainstreaming goals for alcohol problems originally conceived in the early 1940s. Conclusions: Responsible involvement of the alcoholic beverage industry could greatly enhance current activities but is not likely to occur. Stigma persists in part because of associations with prevention and treatment of illegal drug use problems. The Affordable Care Act offers opportunities and challenges to the specialty of treating alcohol use disorders.
  • Alcohol Studies and Science: Trapped in the Velvet Cage of Medical Research? An Editorial

    Roman, Paul M. (2014)
    Objective: This article offers the author’s assessment of the progress in research on alcohol related to alcohol misuse and alcohol use disorders. Method: The historical background of alcohol-problem research is reviewed in the context of defining problems for study and the pattern by which research is funded. Results: Progress in terms of cumulative research has been affected by the lack of central authority and the National Institutes of Health structure within which almost all funding for alcohol research in the United States has occurred. Problems are traced to the particular history and nature of alcohol-problem research, the continuing prominence of moral elements, and particular features of the treatment of alcohol use disorders. Conclusions: Although the scope of activity and production of publications in alcohol research has expanded greatly during the past 75 years, there is a potential shortfall in the cumulative research that has led to solutions to major problems associated with alcohol.
  • Integrated employee assistance program/managed behavioral health plan utilization by persons with substance use disorders

    Merrick, Elizabeth S. Levy; Hodgkin, Dominic; Hiatt, Deirdre; Horgan, Constance M.; Greenfield, Shelly F.; McCann, Bernard A. (2011)
    New federal parity and health reform legislation, promising increased behavioral health care access and a focus on prevention, has heightened interest in employee assistance programs (EAPs). This study investigated service utilization by persons with a primary substance use disorder (SUD) diagnosis in a managed behavioral health care (MBHC) organization's integrated EAP/MBHC product (N = 1,158). In 2004, 25.0% of clients used the. EAP first for new treatment episodes. After initial EAP utilization, 44.4% received no additional formal services through the plan, and 40.4% received regular outpatient services. Overall, outpatient care, intensive outpatient/day treatment, and inpatient/residential detoxification were most common. About half of the clients had co-occurring psychiatric diagnoses. Mental health service utilization was extensive. Findings suggest that for service users with primary SUD diagnoses in an integrated EAP/MBHC product, the EAP benefit plays a key role at the front end of treatment and is often only one component of treatment episodes.
  • Virtual Face to Face with Dr. Bruce Jarrell: Welcoming the New Dean of Social Work

    Jarrell, Bruce E.; Postmus, Judy L.; Frick, Jena (2020-07-31)
  • Flight Attendant Drug and Alcohol Program (FADAP): How to Help

    Flight Attendant Drug and Alcohol Program (FADAP) (2020-05-15)
    This video, created by the Flight Attendant Drug and Alcohol Program (FADAP) provides a brief overview of how coworkers and family members can be supportive to individuals who might be struggling with alcohol or other drug use. Information about the well-known, FADAP peer assistance program, is summarized.
  • EAP and COVID-19: Top Priority: Employee Mental Health & Well-being During & Beyond COVID-19

    Center for Workplace Mental Health (2020)
    Employers recognize their workforce as a highly valuable resource. Over the past few years, employers of all sizes and representing diverse industries began to focus on more effectively addressing workplace mental health. No longer was it an afterthought, but a business imperative. Now, with the COVID-19 pandemic, our nation is experiencing a surge in people showing signs of depression, anxiety, and other serious mental health distress. Recent data from the U.S. Census Bureau shows nearly a tripling of people experiencing signs of depression and anxiety.
  • Demonstrating the Impact of EAP Services on Workplace Outcomes

    Richmond, Melissa K.; McCann, Bernard A. (2015-06-02)
    Today’s Objectives:  Describe EARF-funded research project ;  Provide an overview of study design and methods ;  Present study findings to date ;  Discuss study’s contribution and potential implications for EA practice
  • Helping the Rescuers: Challenges and Rewards of Working with Public Safety - New York City

    Perrotta, Brittany (2020)
    AGENDA: - Understanding the First Responder culture; - Work environment and personal/interpersonal stressors of First Responders; - Differences between working with First Responders vs. civilians; - Effective strategies and key therapeutic approaches to use with First Responders
  • EAP and COVI-19: Managing Stress and Working from Home: It is within your fingertips

    Norton, Bob; Martin, Mike (2020)
    Objectives: - Define Stress; - Identify challenges from working at home and managing family demands; - Learn several useful and effective techniques to manage stress experienced while teleworking from home
  • EAP and COVID-19: The ADA and COVID-19

    Sheridan, Robin (Employee Assistance Professionals Association, 2020-07)
    With the onslaught of new legislation related to the COVID-19 pandemic, employers may need to be reminded that they don’t want to lose sight of traditional employment laws. The Fair Labor Standards Act, Family and Medical Leave Act and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act continue in full force during these trying times. In fact, now more than ever, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) may arise as a particularly challenging issue for employers.
  • EAP in Ireland: Legislation is Driving Change

    Quinlan, Maurice (Employee Assistance Professionals Association, 2020-07)
    Ireland is a small European country with a population of 4.7 million people – 2.2 million of which are currently in the workforce. Ireland is divided into 26 counties in the South and six counties in the North. Ireland was accepted as a member of the European Union (EU) in 1972 – the EU currently consists of 26 European countries. One of the EU institutions, the European Commission, exerts considerable influence on employment legislation, which impacts employee health and well-being in all EU nations.
  • Critical Incident Outcome Measure ( CIOM)

    Kannon, Lakshmipriya; Quao, Noi; Steenstra, Ivan (Employee Assistance Professional Association, 2020-07)
    Critical incident response (CIR) has evolved to require a high level of cultural competence, customization, and adaptability to meet the needs of client organizations while incorporating clinical best practices and current research. The Critical Incident Outcome Measure (CIOM) is a timely and pioneering evidence-based evaluative tool developed by Morneau Shepell over the course of a four-year period. The CIOM tool, based on the Workplace Outcomes Suite (WOS) tool originally developed in 2010, was developed in 2016 [Herlihy, 2018]; beta tests and modifications, along with the publication of a validation paper, were completed in 2017; further feedback was incorporated and an implementation plan developed in 2018; and full program implementation began in 2019.
  • EAP and COVID-19: Grief in the Time of a Pandemic: One Therapist’s Perspective

    Rabinowitz, Ronne (EAPA, 2020-07)
    The COVID-19 pandemic has complicated the experience of grief and will have long- lasting consequences. As of May 27, over 100,000 Americans have died from this virus in a period of less than five months. Sadly, there will be many more deaths in the future by the time this article is published. “Normal” grief is difficult enough for the bereaved, but as EA providers and clinicians we need to remind ourselves that grief and loss during a pandemic is more complicated: How do we help employees come to terms with death when the usual coping rituals of grief and loss are no longer available? In my practice as a psychotherapist, hospice social worker, and EA consultant for almost 30 years, I have sat by patients’ bedsides as their families came to terms with the inevitable. But grief and loss dur- ing this pandemic are like no other time we have ever experienced.
  • Building Emotional Resilience at the Workplace: A HealthPartners Case Study

    Lloyd, Karen D., 1951-; Katz, Abigail S.; Pronk, Nicolaas P. (American College of Sports Medicine, 2016-01)
    NTRODUCTION Stress happens, and it happens to everyone. If workers do not have emotional resilience skills and habits to help support them during these times, their productivity declines. Work-related requirements such as precision and accuracy, problem solving, interpersonal communications, as well as speed and quality of work output will suffer. This general state may be considered part of presenteeism, which is typical when workers are demoralized, distracted, overwhelmed, or otherwise not coping well with stress. It is important to note that the stressors may be from work-related or personal issues, but frequently, stress in one sphere is accompanied by stress in the other. The good thing is that skills to maintain emotional resilience are effective across all settings, and these habits get stronger with use.

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