Recent Submissions

  • Employee Assistance Report 2020

    Iola, WI : Write it Right LLC, 2020
  • EAP Treatment Stigma as a Barrier to Employee Help-Seeking: Predictors and Validation of a Brief Scale for its Measurement.

    Milot, Marc (Employee Assistance Society of North America, 2019-11)
    Research has consistently shown that perceptions of stigma in relation to receiving professional psychological help can be a barrier to the seeking of mental health services. Very few systematic investigations on stigma in relation to receiving help from EAP counseling services have however been conducted. This article reports on validation analyses conducted for the Brief EAP Treatment Stigma Scale (BETSS-4), an instrument designed to measure an individual’s perception of stigma in relation to receiving help from EAP counseling services. The study also investigated predictors of EAP treatment stigma as assessed by the scale in a large sample of Canadian workers (N=1001). The validation analyses indicated that the BETSS-4 has high reliability and validity and is suitable for the assessment of perceptions of EAP treatment stigma in working populations. A notable proportion of the Canadian workers reported perceptions of EAP treatment stigma and higher scores on the BETSS-4 predicted a lower self-reported likelihood of accessing EAP counseling services in the event of personal problems. A number of independent demographic, occupational and psychological predictors of the degree of EAP treatment stigma were identified by multiple regression analyses. The BETSS-4 may be used by EAP practitioners, researchers, and evaluators interested in EAP treatment stigma, its determinants, as well as its association with EAP utilization rates. Greater understanding of EAP-related stigma may help employers and EAP providers develop strategies and interventions aimed at breaking down this barrier and attaining utilization rates unhindered by worker perceptions about help-seeking.
  • Preventing Suicide in the Workplace: New Guidelines, Recommendations Issued

    Jacobson Frey, Jodi; Spencer-Thomas, Sally; Mosby, Amanda (Employee Assistance Professionals Association, 2019)
  • The Almacan 1986

    Reston, VA: Association of Labor-Management Administrators and Consultants on Alcoholism, Inc., 1986
  • The Almacan 1984

    Reston, VA: Association of Labor-Management Administrators and Consultants on Alcoholism, Inc., 1984
  • The Almacan 1977

    Reston, VA: Association of Labor-Management Administrators and Consultants on Alcoholism, Inc., 1977
  • Creating Legacy in EAP Business: The South African Approach Towards Employee Assistance

    Terblanche, Lourie S. (Employee Assistance Professionals Association - South Africa Branch, 2018)
    This book is a product of the first research project regarding the historical formation and evolution of EAPA-SA conducted by Prof L. S. Terblanche of the University of Pretoria on behalf of EAPA-SA. While many publications have been written about EAPA-SA, this book pays particular attention to the undocumented history about EAP in South Africa. It gives EAPA-SA Board and its members an unprecedented opportunity to tell their story. Moving towards the 20th Anniversary of our foundation, the need increases to order and enhance our identity, historical and current, making it available to members who wish to improve their knowledge of our Association, its roots, its initiatives, its projects, and its collaborations with stakeholders both locally and internationally. This book has been conceived as a complete work tool, rich in information and references. One of the aims of this book was to open up and make available in a user- friendly way, archival material relating to the historical formation and evolution of EAP in South Africa. By doing this we hoped to ensure that the Association histories do not remain in unseen boxes kept in the storage room, but are made more easily accessible to the members of the profession and reading public in an organised and structured manner. You will find in this book, achievements, dedication, struggles, disappointments, courage and perseverance of such great men and women who volunteered their service and time to the Association for no gain beyond their personal interest. This book has been arranged in seven chapters and in chapter with interesting and exciting information about the life journey of our Association. (From the Preface by Tinyiko Godfrey Chabalala)
  • Workplace Outcome Suite© (WOS) Annual Report 2018: Understanding EAP Counseling Use, Longitudinal Outcomes and ROI, and Profiles of EAPs that Collect WOS Data.

    Attridge, Mark; Lennox, Richard; Sharar, David A., 1961- (Chestnut Global Partners (A Morneau Shepell Company)., 2019-05)
    The Workplace Outcome Suite is made up of data contributed by multiple employee assistance providers worldwide. The study looks at the utilization and effectiveness of Employee Assistance Programs (EAP) with regards to five specific outcomes: (1) Work Presenteeism (2) Life Satisfaction (3) Work Absenteeism (4) Work Engagement, (5) Workplace Distress, and analyzes the level of each, both before and after intervention through an EAP. This 2018 report updates Employee Assistance Professionals Association (EAPA) members and other stakeholders in the field of EAP regarding the latest Workplace Outcome Suite data. SAMPLE: 24,363 counseling cases from year 2010 to 2018 with Pre and Post data on WOS. A total of 28 countries were represented, with 79% from the United States, 15% from China, and 6% from 26 other countries. RESULTS: Positive results were obtained that were statistically significant at beyond chance levels (p < .05) for all five WOS measures but the statistical effect sizes differed by measure. Work presenteeism decreased by 26% and was a large size statistical effect. Life satisfaction was increased by 22% and was a large size statistical effect. The new measure of work absenteeism with 1-5 range decreased by 27% and was a medium size effect. Workplace distress decreased by 14% and was a small size effect. Work engagement increased by 8% and was a small size effect. The combined SuperScore measure had a 16% level of improvement and was a large size effect. ROI FOR EAP: The results from the WOS global norms for reductions in absenteeism and presenteeism were used to estimate the return on investment (ROI) for employee assistance programs. Typical ROI result of $3.37:1. PROFILE OF EAPS: To better understand the kinds of EAPs who provided WOS data, 13 providers and large employers are also profiled for how and why they collect WOS data from their counseling cases. These include a mix of vendor and internal delivery models from the United States and four other countries.
  • The Value of Employee Assistance Programs: Updated Report

    Attridge, Mark (Employee Assistance Society of North America (EASNA), 2016-01-01)
    Brief report summarizing research and industry facts on the business value of employee assistance programs (EAP). Four areas of value are examined (see Table of Contents) and support by data from 27 reference citations.
  • Multiple Challenges in Kinship Families: How Are They Associated with Children’s Behavioral Health in Kinship Care?

    Xu, Yanfeng; Bright, Charlotte Lyn (2019)
    The use of kinship care has increased in the United States. This dissertation, comprised of three papers, aims to understand multiple challenges in kinship care and their associations with children’s behavioral health using data from the second National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-being (NSCAW II). Paper 1 developed a new kinship typology based on financial assistance and examined factors associated with receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and foster care payments. Results from logistic regression models showed that child maltreatment, children’s externalizing problems, and receiving social services were significantly associated with receiving foster care payments. Living in poverty and a single-adult household were associated with receiving TANF. The results of paper 1 imply that child welfare workers need to increase kinship caregivers’ awareness of financial resources and to make the right resources accessible for them. Paper 2 examined longitudinal relations among economic hardship, economic pressure, TANF, foster care payments, and children’s behavioral problems in kinship care and non-relative foster care. Results of multi-level mixed-effects generalized linear models indicated that economic pressure was associated with children’s internalizing and externalizing problems, as was receiving TANF. Receiving foster care payments was associated with lower externalizing problems. Significant interaction terms showed that foster care payments had positive effects on children’s behavioral health among families without economic hardship and families with economic pressure. The results of paper 2 imply that assessing caregivers’ subjective economic experiences is important to promoting child wellbeing. Findings point to the hardships of families that receive TANF and suggest providing financial and non-financial services to these families. Paper 3 examined the association between neighborhood disorder and children’s behavioral problems and tested the mediating role of social support and the moderating role of race/ethnicity. Results of moderated mediation regression models showed that neighborhood disorder was associated with lower social support, while more social support predicted lower children’s internalizing and externalizing problems. Social support mediated the relation between neighborhood disorder and children’s behavioral problems, but race/ethnicity did not significantly moderate the pathways. The findings of paper 3 imply that interventions are needed to enhance kinship caregivers’ social support and neighborhood quality.
  • Health Savings Account Effects on Health and Debt

    Hageman, Sally; Shaw, Terry V. (2019)
    Title of Dissertation: Health Savings Account Effects on Health and Debt Sally Anne Hageman, Doctor of Philosophy, 2019 Dissertation Directed by: Terry Shaw, Ph.D. More than a decade ago Health Savings Accounts (HSAs) were deemed contrary to social work values and practice (Gorin, 2006). More recent research, however, demonstrated HSAs may help individuals’ access financial resources when encountering financial barriers (Hageman & St. George, 2019). To further examine the potential of HSAs, this study examines HSA effects on health and debt outcomes. Applying the framework of the social determinants of health (Dahlgren & Whitehead, 1991) and the health lifestyles theory (Cockerham, 2005), a subset of 12,686 respondents from three years (2010, 2012, and 2014) of secondary quantitative data from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Youth (NLSY) was drawn. The sample included respondents who answered survey questions about owning an HSA, chronic disease status, health behavior, and health-related debt. Descriptive, bivariate, weighted logistic regression, and generalized estimating equation (GEE) analyses were conducted. Descriptive analyses indicated about 47% of HSA owners were male, 64% were Non-Black/Non-Hispanic race/ethnicity, with an average age of 53.34 (SD=2.26) years old, 99% owned their home, and had an average income of $126,853 (SD=$122,994). About 75% of HSA owners reported they did not have a chronic disease and 70% reported they did not have health-related debt. Weighted logistic regression was conducted to determine if Chronic Disease status was associated with HSA ownership status. Results indicated Chronic Disease status (p=.88) was not significantly associated with owning an HSA. GEE was conducted to determine whether HSA ownership status was associated with respondent debt. Results of the GEE analysis indicated HSA ownership status (p=.76) was not significantly associated with reporting Debt.

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