• Implementation of Eat, Sleep, Console Approach to Care for Opioid Exposed Newborns

      da Graca, Malissa M.; Reid, Rachel (2021-05)
      Problem: Rates of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) have seen a fivefold rise in Maryland. Current management strategies include the Finnegan Neonatal Abstinence Scoring System (FNASS) and opioid pharmacotherapy for symptom management placing tremendous burden on health care system due to increased length of stay, admission to special care nurseries, and disruptions to family bonding. Purpose: The purpose of this quality improvement project was to implement the “Eat, Sleep, Console” (ESC) method in the care of newborns with in-utero opioid exposure to reduce average length of stay (ALOS) for infants with NAS. Secondary outcomes were reduced doses and amount of morphine and increased breastfeeding initiation rates. Methods: A quality improvement (QI) methodology was used to implement ESC on an inpatient floor. Hospital NAS policy was revised to adopt ESC tool, as needed morphine for symptoms management, and emphasis on nonpharmacologic care. The ESC assessment tool was integrated into the electronic health care record (EHR). ESC scores, nonpharmacologic interventions, and parental presence were recorded in the EHR. Infants ≥ 32 weeks gestation with opioid exposure were included in the QI project. Data to be collected included average length of stay (ALOS), number and total morphine doses, and breastfeeding rates during admission. Preliminary Results: Evidence shows that organizations that have made the transition to ESC have seen reduction in opioid agonist therapy, reduced length of stay, and improvement in breastfeeding initiation rates for newborns with NAS. We aim to demonstrate that implementing the ESC will result in similar benefits to our institution. Updates to several structure and process measures are now in the implementation phase. Preliminary Conclusions: Changing the treatment model for newborns with NAS requires a multidisciplinary approach with providers across various specialties. Success of this Quality Improvement project required buy in from all units/care providers with education throughout the staff and families to support ESC.