• An Association between Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake, Body Mass Index and Caries Prevalence in Children 6-9 Years Old

      Bhadila, Ghalia; Tinanoff, Norman (2017)
      Purpose: The purpose of the study was to determine the relationship between sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption, body mass index (BMI) and dental caries prevalence in children between 6 to 9 years old. Methods: Parents of 123 children 6 to 9 years-old who visited the Pediatric Dental Clinic in the University of Maryland Baltimore participated in this cross-sectional study. Using the 15-item Beverage Questionnaire, parents reported the frequency and the amount of sweetened beverages their children consumed daily. We obtained height and weight of their child to calculate the BMI. Data on presence of dental caries were extracted from the electronic dental records. Results: One hundred twenty-three children participated in the study; 76 (61.8%) were females and 47 (38.2%) were males. Mean age of participants is 7.63 years old (SD=1.07) with the mean BMI is 18.15 (SD=3.17). Approximately, 50% of the participants were African American, 23% Hispanic, 27% reported as others. One hundred and nine is the total number of participants reportedly consumed any form of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) with different quantities and frequencies. Pearson correlation showed no significant correlation between caries and BMI (P=0.18), and no significant correlation between caries and SSB consumption (P=0.41). Moreover, there was no significant correlation between BMI and SSB consumption (P=0.64). T-tests also demonstrated non-significant difference in the SSB consumption level based on caries prevalence (P=0. 41). However, Pearson correlation showed a significant correlation between fruit juice consumption and caries (r=0.26, p=0.01), and a non-significant inverse correlation between fruit juice consumption and BMI (r=-0.14, p=0.17).
    • Mothers' Taste Perception and their Preschool Children's Dental Caries Experience

      ALANZI, ABRAR; Tinanoff, Norman (2011)
      Purpose: The main purpose of this study was to find out the overall caries experience of the preschool children among mothers of various taste sensitivities to the bitter taste of 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP). Additionally, the effects of maternal demographic data, living conditions, children's oral hygiene practices and mutans streptococci levels on the association between mothers' taste and dental caries of children were investigated. Methods: A total of 60 child-mother pairs, attending the pediatric dental clinic at the University of Maryland, matched the inclusion criteria: healthy children, aged 2-3 years old, and their mothers as primary caregivers. Only 38 mothers who were identified as supertasters or non-tasters, based on their taste sensitivity to PROP test, were selected. PROP supertasters express the lowest acceptance for strong bitter and sweet tastes while PROP non-tasters express the highest acceptance for strong bitter and sweet tastes. Data about maternal demographic and oral hygiene practices of the children were obtained by orally administered questionnaire. Children received a clinical examination to determine dental caries prevalence as well as were tested for mutans streptococci (MS) levels. Results: Among 38 child-mother pairs, 20 mothers were supertasters (aversion to sugars) and 18 mothers were non-tasters (preference of sugars). Children of non-taster mothers were found to have significantly higher prevalence of dental caries and mean dmfs of maxillary anterior teeth than those of supertaster mothers (p<0.05). If grandparents of a child from non-taster mothers reportedly lived in the same household, the child's dmfs score was increased (p=0.005). High consumption of sugary food and mothers' reportedly having caries were significantly associated with increased dmfs in children (p=0.037, p=0.003 respectively). Conclusion: The prevalence of dental caries in 2-3 years old children was significantly higher in the preschool children of non-taster mothers than those of supertaster mothers. Other dental caries risk factors for those children included mothers' reported dental caries experience, grandparents living in family, and high consumption of sugars by the child.