Exploring Screened Out Reports of Child Abuse and Neglect in Maryland
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Other TitlesMaryland State Council on Child Abuse and Neglect (2003). Research Committee Report. Child Protection Annual Report.
Research in Support of Child Welfare Policy & Programs
AbstractAs an effort to explore the degree to which screening practices and decision are consistent with state policies (DHR, 1996), a collaborative evaluation was undertaken by the Department of Human Resources (DHR) Social Services Administration (SSA), the State Council on Child Abuse and Neglect (SCCAN), and the University of Maryland Center for Families (UMCFF). Each of 24 local Maryland jurisdictions were asked to submit copies of all referrals received in their jurisdiction during one month in 2001. Twenty-three jurisdictions submitted copies of their screened out referrals for May 2001 and Baltimore City Department of Social Services submitted all screened out referrals for November 2001. Data regarding the number of investigated CPS reports each jurisdiction received during those same months were also collected from the state wide Client Information System (CIS). IN all, 5,023 referrals were received by CPS agencies during the one-month study period and 1,811 referrals were screened out (an average of 36%). Findings of the study indicate that most of the time (82%), the correct screening decision was made.
DescriptionProject name: Exploring Screened out Reports of Child Abuse and Neglect in Maryland; Principal Investigator: Diane DePanfilis; Project Dates: 2001 - 2002; 2002 - Present (secondary data analysis)
Series/Report No.Child Welfare Research;
SponsorsMaryland Department of Human Resources
Keywordchild protective services--screening decisions
University of Maryland, Baltimore. School of Social Work--Projects and Reports
Child Abuse--statistics & numerical data
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/247
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Maryland Child Welfare Perfomance Indicators 2nd Annual Child Welfare Accountability ReportDePanfilis, Diane; Shaw, Terry V.; Kaye, Sarah (2008-12)The Child Welfare Accountability Act of 2006 (Maryland Family Law, Section 1301 through 1311 inclusive) specified a set of performance indicators covering four categories of child welfare practice: Child abuse and neglect, Protecting children in out-of-home care from abuse and neglect, Permanency and stability of children in out-of-home care, and Effectiveness of efforts to address the health, mental health, education, and well-being of children in out-of-home care. This report describes and documents the performance indicators mandated in the Act for the period July 1, 2007 through June 30, 2008. A separate companion report entitled Evaluating Quality Assurance Processes in Maryland describes and evaluates Quality Assurance processes in calendar year 2008.
The impact of organizational culture and climate in child welfare agencies on outcomes for children involved in the child welfare system: A multi-level analysis of a nationally representative sampleGoering, Emily Smith; Hopkins, Karen M., 1954- (2019)Child welfare organizations in the U.S. are tasked with the overarching goal of protecting children from abuse and neglect. The achievement of this goal has been found to be difficult and some child welfare organizations seem to be more effective at reaching this goal than others. A dearth of empirical literature exists in understanding how child welfare organizational functioning impacts its ability to achieve positive outcomes for the children who come into contact with their local child welfare system. An extensive review of the literature revealed that culture and climate of organizations may play an important role, but the existing research is unclear about the extent and direction of that role. Additionally, methodological issues with the existing studies threaten the validity of the results. The present dissertation builds on existing research and conducts secondary analysis using a nationally representative sample. The study applied theories of organizational social context and ecological model to answer the research question: When controlling for risk factors related to child characteristics and organizational contextual characteristics, to what extent do the culture and climate of the child welfare agency impact child-level outcomes? Using the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Wellbeing (NSCAW II), bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to answer the research question. Results indicate that individual, agency, and local context characteristics impact recurrence of abuse during the study period. At the individual level, living in a poor household and having prior substantiated maltreatment increased the odds of recurrence. At the agency-level, of the six culture and climate variables, only the climate score of functionality had an impact on risk of recurrence. The agency-level local context variable of county child poverty had the largest effect on recurrence and added explained variance to the model. However, both significant agency-level variables did not impact recurrence in the expected direction. Future research should continue to focus on research methods, better conceptualization and measurement of organizational constructs, and utilize an ecological perspective approach.
Quality Assurance Processes in Maryland Child Welfare. 3rd Annual Child Welfare Accountability ReportDePanfilis, Diane; Esaki, Nina; Gregory, Gillian, M.S.W.; Hayward, R. Anna; Shaw, Terry V. (2009-12)Executive Summary: The goal of the projects encompassed in the Child Welfare Accountability Act is to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of child welfare services in Maryland. The Maryland Quality Assurance (QA) unit does this through the evaluation of quality assurance processes and system implementation processes in Maryland child welfare. Although Maryland has mechanisms in place to successfully achieve objectives of a comprehensive Quality Assurance system, it has yet to realize its full potential for identifying strengths and needs and providing a framework for meaningful program and systems improvement. Acknowledgements: This report was compiled by faculty and staff at the University of Maryland, School of Social Work's Ruth H. Young Center for Families & Children (RYC) in partnership with staff at the Department of Human Resources, Social Service Administration (DHR/SSA). Diane DePanfilis, Sarah Kaye, and Terry V. Shaw managed the interagency agreement for the Quality Assurance process. Gillian Gregory led the Local Supervisory Review process and Foster Parent Survey. Anna Hayward oversaw the Family Centered Practice evaluation component. Nina Esaki assisted with the preparation of this report. Carnitra White, Richard Larson, David Ayer and Linda Carter at DHR/SSA guided the activities related to the Quality Assurance process. The Quality Assurance unit at DHR/SSA includes Linda Carter, Shirley Brown, Josephine Lambert, Dee Ritterpusch, and Jewel Wilson. A separate companion report, "Maryland Child Welfare Performance Indicators: 3rd Annual Child Welfare Accountability Report," describes Maryland's performance on the outcome and performance measures outlined by the Child Welfare Accountability Act.