Browsing Employee Assistance Archive School of Social Work by Subject "occupational social work"
Now showing items 1-4 of 4
The history of employee assistance programs in the United StatesThis article is an excerpt from the comprehensive book, History of Employee Assistance Programs in the United States (full book available here in the EA Archive - http://hdl.handle.net/10713/12002). In this excerpt, the author, Dr. Dale Masi, writes about the historical beginnings of the EAP field in the U.S. with its roots in occupational social work and occupational alcoholism. She discusses topics such as welfare capitalism and early leaders of the EAP movement in large workplaces in the U.S.
Occupational Social WorkOccupational (industrial) social work, one of the newest fields of policy and practice, has evolved since the mid-1960s to become a dynamic arena for social service and practice innovation. Focusing on work, workers, and work organizations, occupational social work provides unique opportunities for the profession to affect the decisions and provisions of management and labor. Despite the risks inherent in working in powerful and often proprietary settings, being positioned to help workers, their families, and job hunters enables professional social workers to have the leverage both to provide expert service and to become agents of progressive social change.
Occupational social work: From social control to social assistance?The worksite is an important setting which impacts on the social, mental and physical well-being of the worker. A healthy workplace environment can induce many positive changes such as, a healthier workforce, increased morale, reduced absenteeism and, in turn, increased productivity. Conversely, an unhealthy and hazardous workplace can increase mortality and morbidity, lower the worker's quality of life, escalate health care costs.
Organizational Outcomes Following Traumatic Workplace Incidents: A Practice-Based Exploration of Impact of Incident Severity LevelTraumatic workplace events (critical incidents) occur with unfortunate regularity and with significant repercussions for affected organizations. Critical incident stress management (CISM) units, often a specialty component of employee assistance programs provide consultation and support for workplace incidents. While CISM seeks to support both individual and organizational outcomes, trauma research oriented towards individual traumatic stress dominates the literature, mirroring practitioner training that tends to emphasize clinical over organizational practice. This research contributes to less-prevalent studies that explore organizational level outcomes. Despite the facts that social workers play a central role in critical incident response and CISM units collect massive amounts of practice data, there are no published social work studies capitalizing on the potential of existing critical incident data. Employing the methodology of clinical data mining, this practice-based, exploratory research examines the propositions that incident severity level associates with several post-incident organizational outcomes. Several findings translate into considerations for evidence-informed CISM practice in the areas of intake assessment, organizational consultation and incident response planning.