The University of Maryland School of Social Work – the only social work program with a dedicated Employee Assistance (EA) curriculum as part of the larger MSW program – hosts the Employee Assistance Digital Archive.

The Employee Assistance Digital Archive is a free, publicly accessible site where EA professionals can post original works, historical documents or other related papers. The intent of the Archive is to preserve important historical documents in the EA field as well as to provide a national depository for all significant articles in the field.

Please visit our Employee Assistance Digital Archive Homepage to learn about how you can submit and use the Archive.

Recent Submissions

  • Digital Archive Notes 6th Anniversary: Preserving Our Past to Protect Our Future

    Herlihy, Patricia A.; Jacobson Frey, Jodi; Kahn, Alaina (Employee Assistance Professionals Association, 2019-06)
  • Tips for Supervisors of Disaster Responders: Helping Staff Manage Stress When Returning to Work

    United States. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (United States Department of Health and Human Services, 2014)
  • Integration Insights Column #10: Psychological Health and Safety in the Workplace

    Attridge, Mark (Employee Assistance Professionals Association, 2019-06)
    This is the 10th article in a series on integration of EAP into the workplace. This article examines the increasing interest of leading employers for including EAP as part of the overarching corporate goal of creating a psychologically healthy and safe workplace. This trend represents tremendous opportunities for EA professionals to better integrate EAPs into various workplace health initiatives. It summarizes the key resources from the 2019 Think Tank meeting of the Health Enhancement Research Organization (HERO) that focused on the topic of psychological health and safety in the workplace.
  • The Many Ways EAPs Support Love: A Research Review

    Attridge, Mark (Employee Assistance European Forum, 2019-06-14)
    Love has been the focus of social science research for several decades. Highlights of this scholarly literature are presented on topics of romantic love, love and health, the dark side of love, longing for love (loneliness), love and family, loving your co-worker, loving your work, and loving your workplace. Industry data is also used to demonstrate how EAPs support each of these aspects of love.
  • Chestnut's Addiction Archives Offer Most Diverse History Of The Disease

    Cullen, Mary, M.P.A. (WGLT Illinois State University, 2019-05-30)
  • Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health (2017-2018)

    Unknown author (Taylor & Francis Group, 2018)
  • Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health (2013-2014)

    Unknown author (Taylor & Francis Group, 2014)
  • Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health (2015-2016)

    Unknown author (Taylor & Francis Group, 2016)
  • International Journal of Health & Productivity Further Extends its Thought Leadership Role

    Bunn, William B. (Institute for Health and Productivity Management, 2018-12)
  • Preventing Suicide Among Working-Age Adults: The Correlates of Help-Seeking Behavior

    Ko, Jungyai; Jacobson Frey, Jodi; Harrington, Donna (SAGE, 2019)
    We aimed to identify the correlates with not seeking help among working-age adults with suicidal ideation. By adapting the integrated model of suicide help-seeking, we examined help-seeking behavior in the following 3 stages: problem recognition, decision to seek help, and sources of help. We used a sample of working-age adults between 26 and 64 years old, who reported suicidal ideation in the past year (N = 1414). Data were drawn from the 2011 and 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, and multinomial logistic regression analyses were applied. Findings suggested that being male, being nonwhite, being employed full-time, having lower levels of general mental health needs, and not having health insurance were associated with not seeking help. Results also indicated how each factor was related in the help-seeking pathway. Strategies to help problem recognition can be effective in enhancing help-seeking behavior among men, racial/ethnic minorities, and those without serious clinical conditions. Help-seeking interventions for working-age adults with suicidal ideation should also consider that race/ethnic minorities and those with lower levels of functional impairment might rely on alternative sources of help, such as family, friends, and religious advisors.
  • The Prevalence of At-Risk Gambling in Consumer Credit Counseling: Comparison with National Estimates

    Sacco, Paul; Jacobson Frey, Jodi; Callahan, Christine, Ph.D.; Hyde, Devon (2017-09)
  • Integrating SBIRT for Problem Gambling into Credit Counseling Settings

    Jacobson Frey, Jodi; Sacco, Paul; Callahan, Christine, Ph.D. (2018-01-11)
  • Breastfeeding & Work in Latin America. Is there a role for EAPs?

    Lardani, Andrea (International Employee Assistance Professional Association, 2019)
    Breastfeeding is beneficial to the health of both women and infants. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) women who breastfeed have longer intervals between births and, as a result, a lower risk of maternal morbidity and mortality, as well as lower rates of breast cancer rates before menopause and potentially lower risks of ovarian cancer, osteoporosis and coronary heart disease. One of the principal barriers to breastfeeding is returning to work. The article provides Latin American evidence about this issue and how EAPs may provide support to women who wish to continue lactation after maternity leave.
  • Best Practices in Customer Reporting to Demonstrate Value and Impact for EAP Services

    Attridge, Mark (2019-03-07)
    A 90-minute invited presentation on applied best practices for external providers of EAP services. Focus on three areas: Classic conceptual model for customer reporting on EAP value; What should be In customer reporting in current business marketplace; and New trends for EAP in behavioral health risk management.
  • A Global Perspective on Promoting Workplace Mental Health and the Role of Employee Assistance Programs

    Attridge, Mark (2019-04)
    This is a literature review article. It highlights the epidemiological prevalence rate data for mental health and substance disorders from the US, Canada, Australia, Europe and globally. I also describe how the workplace can both hurt and help employees. The growth of employee assistance programs (EAP) globally is noted, including key trends in program use and global evidence documenting the effectiveness of brief counseling on workplace outcomes (particularly for reducing employee presenteeism). Finally, 21 leading organizations are profiled that are active in supporting workplace mental health in different parts of the world and select key resources of interest on their websites.
  • Validation of the 5-item Short Form Version of the Workplace Outcome Suite ©

    Lennox, Richard; Sharar, David A., 1961-; Goehner, David B.; Shmitz, Eileen (Institute for Health and Productivity Management, 2018-12)
    This article reports on the validation of the WOS-5 an abbreviated version of the Workplace Outcome Suite© (WOS). For reasons of efficiency and ease of delivery the field was looking for an abbreviated version of the original WOS tool. In this new abbreviated version four of the 5-items correspond to latent variable measures of presenteeism, work engagement, life-satisfaction and workplace distress. These items were selected based on highest factor loading from the original confirmatory factor analysis in the 25-item WOS development study. The fifth item is the single measure of absenteeism created using a formative measures model to count total hours missed by collapsing the total and partial days absent from work. Correlation evidence indicates the 5-item WOS to be a good measurement representation of the 25-item version. Test of sensitivity for three versions of the WOS (WOS-5, WOS-9, and WOS-25) showed the 5-item version to provide comparable sensitivity to change from various EAP service interventions from our pooled dataset. The newly constructed single absenteeism measure for the 5-item scale was shown to be the most sensitive of the various measures, even outperforming the 25-item version. The advantage, while small, was statistically reliable. Together, these results suggest that the 5-item WOS can be used to approximate the 25-item version without excessive loss of reliability, validity or sensitivity.
  • Measuring Coaching Effectiveness: Validation of the Workplace Outcome Suite for Coaching

    Lennox, Richard; Sharar, David A., 1961-; Miller, Francine J. (Institute for Health and Productivity Management, 2018-12)
    Chestnut Global Partners developed the coaching version of the Workplace Outcome Suite (WOS) to measure the effectiveness of coaching interventions in helping to address a range of workplace issues. For this purpose the original 25-item version of the WOS, developed in 2009, was slightly modified to provide outcome information on the coaching process. While the changes were modest, there was some concern that they might adversely affect the psychometric characteristics of the 25-item tool compromising its validity and reliability. Prudence requires the coaching version of the WOS be evaluated to assure results are equivalent with those of the original WOS. Data from 309 clients, provided with disease management coaching services for depression and diabetes, were analyzed. Various methods, including reliability analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and correlational studies, were included in the study. The results of these analyses showed that the coaching tool performed slightly better than the original WOS. The instrument was shown to be extremely reliable, particularly for a short scale. The analysis revealed that the 25-item coaching version of the WOS can be used to test the efficacy and effectiveness of a coaching program without concern for significant measurement error. Results suggest that psychometric studies of the original 25-item WOS can also reflect clinical change from the workplace health programs coaching version even with samples as small as 50 clients.
  • Development and Validation of a Critical Incident Outcome Measure

    Lennox, Richard; Sharar, David A., 1961-; Herlihy, Patricia A.; Mollenhauer, Matthew (Institute for Health and Productivity Management, 2018-12)
    This paper briefly reviews the current literature in the critical incident response field (CIR) as it intersects with the employee assistance field (EAP). A specific study is presented which illuminates the lack of evidence-based research on the organizational effects arising from traumatic incidents in the workplace. This makes the case for further professional collaboration to seek consensus on uniformity of definitions, intervention and more rigorous measures to establish the degree of effectiveness and efficiency of these interventions. The goal of this paper is to present the initial theoretical construction and statistical validity of the Critical Incident Outcome Measurement Scale (CIOM). The tool was beta tested with a pilot sample of two-hundred and fifty responses. The psychometric approach utilized a latent variable approach to first define the critical incident outcome space with multiple indicators. Next the model capacity was tested to recover most of reliable variance in the item set. Finally, confirmatory factor analysis was used to select the best single indicator for an abbreviated version of this measurement tool to enhance its suitability for applied applications. The specific psychometric results are provided in the conclusion. As important as the authors believe it is to collect this data, it is not nearly as important as tending to the needs of the affected employees and employers of any traumatic event.

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