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dc.contributor.authorCollins, Rebecca A.
dc.date.accessioned2024-07-10T12:56:27Z
dc.date.available2024-07-10T12:56:27Z
dc.date.issued2024
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/22586
dc.descriptionUniversity of Maryland, Baltimore, School of Medicine, M.S. 2024.en_US
dc.description.abstractInfant mortality and morbidity rates are impacted by premature birth, a critical issue in neonatal health. The prevalence of preterm births and accompanying disorders, such as necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), underscore the urgent need for improved remedies. The "leaky gut" phenomenon, characterized by decreased intestinal barrier integrity, lies at the heart of these difficulties. Understanding the role of u in gut health, particularly in metabolizing maternal breast milk, holds potential for intervention. Human Milk Oligosaccharides (HMOs), a key component in breast milk, promote the growth of beneficial Bifidobacterium species in the newborn gut, but further research into their genetic features is necessary for a better understanding. This study aims to isolate Bifidobacterium strains from preterm infant stool samples, characterize their carbon utilization attributes, and define their genetic content. The findings reveal significant phenotypic and genotypic diversity among strains, illustrating varied genetic content within Bifidobacterium species. Differences in carbon source consumption patterns suggest functional versatility across strains. These results emphasize the crucial importance of understanding Bifidobacterium's genetic characteristics and metabolic capabilities in supporting gut health, particularly in preterm infants, and pave the way for targeted interventions aimed at reducing gastrointestinal complications and improving outcomes in this vulnerable population.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subject.meshBifidobacteriumen_US
dc.subject.meshMilk, Humanen_US
dc.subject.meshGastrointestinal Tracten_US
dc.subject.meshGut Microbiotaen_US
dc.subject.meshInfant Mortalityen_US
dc.subject.meshInfant, Prematureen_US
dc.titleInsights into the Role of Bifidobacterium in Neonatal Intestinal Maturationen_US
dc.typedissertationen_US
dc.date.updated2024-06-27T22:13:07Z
dc.language.rfc3066en
dc.contributor.advisorMa, Bing
refterms.dateFOA2024-07-10T12:56:29Z


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