Understanding healthcare provider preferences for ordering respiratory cultures to diagnose ventilator associated pneumonia: A discrete choice experiment
JournalAntimicrobial Stewardship & Healthcare Epidemiology
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AbstractObjective: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) can be overdiagnosed on the basis of positive respiratory cultures in the absence of clinical findings of pneumonia. We determined the perceived diagnostic importance of 6 clinical attributes in ordering a respiratory culture to identify opportunities for diagnostic stewardship. Design: A discrete choice experiment presented participants with a vignette consisting of the same “stem” plus variations in 6 clinical attributes associated with VAP: chest imaging, oxygenation, sputum, temperature, white blood cell count, and blood pressure. Each attribute had 3–4 levels, resulting in 32 total scenarios. Participants indicated whether they would order a respiratory culture, and if yes, whether they preferred the bronchoalveolar lavage or endotracheal aspirate sample-collection method. We calculated diagnostic utility of attribute levels and relative importance of each attribute. Setting and participants: The survey was administered electronically to critical-care clinicians via a Qualtrics survey at a tertiary-care academic center in the United States. Results: In total, 59 respondents completed the survey. New radiograph opacity (utility, 1.15; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.99–1.3), hypotension (utility, 0.88; 95% CI, 0.74–1.03), fever (utility, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.62–0.91) and copious sputum (utility, 0.75; 95% CI, 0.60–0.90) had the greatest perceived diagnostic value that favored ordering a respiratory culture. Radiograph changes (23%) and temperature (20%) had the highest relative importance. New opacity (utility, 0.35; 95% CI, 0.17–0.52) and persistent opacity on radiograph (utility, 0.32; 95% CI, 0.05– 0.59) had the greatest value favoring bronchoalveolar lavage over endotracheal aspirate. Conclusion: Perceived high diagnostic value of fever and hypotension suggest that sepsis vigilance may drive respiratory culturing and play a role in VAP overdiagnosis.
DescriptionThe article processing charges (APC) for this open access article were partially funded by the Health Sciences and Human Services Library's Open Access Publishing Fund for Early-Career Researchers.
Rights/TermsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/20991
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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International