Polarized NHE1 and SWELL1 regulate migration direction, efficiency and metastasis.
Thompson, Keyata N
Lee, Se Jong
Serra, Selma A
Lewis, John D
Valverde, Miguel A
Martin, Stuart S
Sun, Sean X
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AbstractCell migration regulates diverse (patho)physiological processes, including cancer metastasis. According to the Osmotic Engine Model, polarization of NHE1 at the leading edge of confined cells facilitates water uptake, cell protrusion and motility. The physiological relevance of the Osmotic Engine Model and the identity of molecules mediating cell rear shrinkage remain elusive. Here, we demonstrate that NHE1 and SWELL1 preferentially polarize at the cell leading and trailing edges, respectively, mediate cell volume regulation, cell dissemination from spheroids and confined migration. SWELL1 polarization confers migration direction and efficiency, as predicted mathematically and determined experimentally via optogenetic spatiotemporal regulation. Optogenetic RhoA activation at the cell front triggers SWELL1 re-distribution and migration direction reversal in SWELL1-expressing, but not SWELL1-knockdown, cells. Efficient cell reversal also requires Cdc42, which controls NHE1 repolarization. Dual NHE1/SWELL1 knockdown inhibits breast cancer cell extravasation and metastasis in vivo, thereby illustrating the physiological significance of the Osmotic Engine Model. © 2022, The Author(s).
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Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/20060