Vγ2Vδ2 T-cell co-stimulation increases natural killer cell killing of monocyte-derived dendritic cells
Harris, Kristina M.
Gartenhaus, Ronald B.
Mann, Dean L.
Pauza, C. David
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AbstractInteractions between natural killer (NK) cells and dendritic cells (DC) affect maturation and function of both cell populations, including NK cell killing of DC (editing), which is important for controlling the quality of immune responses. We also know that antigen-stimulated Vγ2Vδ2 T cells co-stimulate NK cells via 4-1BB to enhance the killing of tumour cell lines but we do not know what regulates 4-1BB expression or whether other NK effector functions including DC killing, might also be influenced by NK–γδ T-cell cross-talk. Here we show that antigen-stimulated γδ T cells co-stimulate NK cells through inducible T-cell co-stimulator (ICOS)– ICOS ligand (ICOSL) and this signal increases NK cell killing of autologous DC. Effects of NK–γδ T-cell co-culture, which could be repro-duced with soluble ICOS-Fc fusion protein, included increased CD69 and 4-1BB expression, interferon-γ, tumour necrosis factor-α, macrophage inflammatory protein-1β, I-309, RANTES and sFas ligand production, as well as elevated mRNA levels for co-stimulatory receptors OX40 (TNFRSF4) and GITR (TNFRSF18). Hence, ICOS–ICOSL co-stimulation of NK by Vγ2Vδ2 T cells had broad effects on NK phenotype and effector functions. The NK–γδ T-cell cross-talk links innate and antigen-specific lymphocyte responses in the control of cytotoxic effector function and DC killing. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Immunology.
SponsorsPresbyterian Historical Society
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/19892