A Direct Comparison of Physical Versus Dihydrocapsaicin-Induced Hypothermia in a Rat Model of Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury.
Kim, Kevin T
Wilhelmy, Bradley E
Sherani, Nageen A
Simard, J Marc
JournalTherapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
PublisherMary Ann Liebert Inc.
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractSpinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating neurological condition with no effective treatment. Hypothermia induced by physical means (cold fluid) is established as an effective therapy in animal models of SCI, but its clinical translation to humans is hampered by several constraints. Hypothermia induced pharmacologically may be noninferior or superior to physically induced hypothermia for rapid, convenient systemic temperature reduction, but it has not been investigated previously in animal models of SCI. We used a rat model of SCI to compare outcomes in three groups: (1) normothermic controls; (2) hypothermia induced by conventional physical means; (3) hypothermia induced by intravenous (IV) dihydrocapsaicin (DHC). Male rats underwent unilateral lower cervical SCI and were treated after a 4-hour delay with physical cooling or IV DHC (∼0.60 mg/kg total) cooling (both 33.0 ± 1.0°C) lasting 4 hours; controls were kept normothermic. Telemetry was used to monitor temperature and heart rate during and after treatments. In two separate experiments, one ending at 48 hours, the other at 6 weeks, "blinded" investigators evaluated rats in the three groups for neurological function followed by histopathological evaluation of spinal cord tissues. DHC reliably induced systemic cooling to 32-33°C. At both the time points examined, the two modes of hypothermia yielded similar improvements in neurological function and lesion size compared with normothermic controls. Our results indicate that DHC-induced hypothermia may be comparable with physical hypothermia in efficacy, but more clinically feasible to administer than physical hypothermia.
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/19293
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