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dc.contributor.authorMaerten-Rivera, Jaime
dc.contributor.authorPark, Sharon K
dc.contributor.authorFiano, Karen S
dc.contributor.authorPavuluri, Nina
dc.contributor.authorPhillips, Jennifer
dc.contributor.authorLebovitz, Lisa
dc.contributor.authorZhao, Yichen
dc.date.accessioned2022-05-31T13:16:23Z
dc.date.available2022-05-31T13:16:23Z
dc.date.issued2021-09-14
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/19021
dc.description.abstractObjective. Understanding student characteristics and risk factors for performance on the North American Pharmacist Licensure Examination (NAPLEX) may help schools and colleges of pharmacy target limited resources. This study aimed to evaluate two sets of Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) student variables for their effect on NAPLEX performance.Methods. Data were collected from five schools and colleges of pharmacy over three years (2016-2018). Relationships between variables were first examined with bivariate correlations, and then by a series of multiple regressions using a structural equation modeling approach. Two sets of analyses were conducted using the outcome variable of NAPLEX scaled score. The first set examined variables at admission to the program while the second set examined performance variables during the PharmD program.Results. Students' score on the Pharmacy Curriculum Outcomes Assessment (PCOA) had the highest bivariate correlation with their NAPLEX score, with area 4 and area 2 having the strongest correlations. The correlations of Pharmacy College Admission Test (PCAT) subtest scores with NAPLEX scores were significant but smaller. Admissions variables of incoming science grade point average (GPA) and PCAT area scores were significant predictors of performance on the NAPLEX, but these variables were entered in separate models as they explained the same variance (each approximately 15%). The PCOA area scores and GPA before starting advanced pharmacy practice experiences (pre-APPE GPA) were significant predictors and explained about 25% of the variance in NAPLEX scores.Conclusion Pharmacy students' PCOA area scores and pre-APPE GPA were significant predictors of their NAPLEX scores. Information in this study can be used by pharmacy schools to efficiently target support services to students for enhanced NAPLEX performance.en_US
dc.description.urihttps://doi.org/10.5688/ajpe8635en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherAmerican Association of Colleges of Pharmacyen_US
dc.relation.ispartofAmerican Journal of Pharmaceutical Educationen_US
dc.rights© 2022 American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy.en_US
dc.subjectNAPLEXen_US
dc.subjectPCATen_US
dc.subjectPCOAen_US
dc.subjectpredictorsen_US
dc.subjectstudent characteristicsen_US
dc.titleMulti-institutional Analysis of Student and Program Variables as Predictors of Performance on the NAPLEX.en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.5688/ajpe8635
dc.identifier.pmid34521618
dc.source.journaltitleAmerican journal of pharmaceutical education
dc.source.volume86
dc.source.issue4
dc.source.beginpage8635
dc.source.endpage
dc.source.countryUnited States


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