Variable Anterior Segment Dysgenesis and Cardiac Anomalies Caused by a Novel Truncating Variant of FOXC1
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AbstractAnterior segment dysgenesis (ASD) encompasses a wide spectrum of developmental abnormalities of the anterior ocular segment, including congenital cataract, iris hypoplasia, aniridia, iridocorneal synechiae, as well as Peters, Axenfeld, and Rieger anomalies. Here, we report a large fivegeneration Caucasian family exhibiting atypical syndromic ASD segregating with a novel truncating variant of FOXC1. The family history is consistent with highly variable autosomal dominant symptoms including isolated glaucoma, iris hypoplasia, aniridia, cataract, hypothyroidism, and congenital heart anomalies. Whole-exome sequencing revealed a novel variant [c.313_314insA; p.(Tyr105*)] in FOXC1 that disrupts the α-helical region of the DNA-binding forkhead box domain. In vitro studies using a heterologous cell system revealed aberrant cytoplasmic localization of FOXC1 harboring the Tyr105* variant, likely precluding downstream transcription function. Meta-analysis of the literature highlighted the intrafamilial variability related to FOXC1 truncating alleles. This study highlights the clinical variability in ASD and signifies the importance of combining both clinical and molecular analysis approaches to establish a complete diagnosis. © 2022 by the authors.
SponsorsNational Eye Institute
KeywordAnterior segment dysgenesis
In vitro studies
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/18225