Complex effects on CaV2.1 channel gating caused by a CACNA1A variant associated with a severe neurodevelopmental disorder
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AbstractCa2+ flux into nerve terminals via CaV2.1 channels is essential for active neurotransmitter release at neuromuscular junctions and many central synapses. Mutations in CACNA1A, the gene encoding the principal CaV2.1 α1A subunit, cause a broad spectrum of neurological disorders. Typically, gain-of-function (GOF) mutations are associated with migraine andepilepsy while loss-of-function (LOF) mutations are causative for episodic and congenital ataxias. However, a cluster of severe CaV2.1 channelopathies have overlapping presentations which suggests that channel dysfunction in these disorders cannot always be defined bimodally as GOF or LOF. In particular, the R1667P mutation causes focal seizures, generalized hypotonia, dysarthria, congenital ataxia and, in onecase, cerebral edema leading ultimately to death. Here, we demonstrate that the R1667P mutation causes both channel GOF (hyperpolarizing voltage-dependence of activation, slowed deactivation) and LOF (slowed activation kinetics) when expressed heterologously in tsA-201 cells. We also observed a substantial reduction in Ca2+ current density in this heterologous system. In summary, our findings indicate a complex functional effect of R1667P and support the idea that pathological missense mutations in CaV2.1 may not represent exclusively GOF or LOF.
DescriptionPoster presented at the Biophysical Society Annual Meeting Feb 19-23, 2022.
Rights/TermsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
KeywordCaV 2.1 channel gating
Gain of Function Mutation
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/18067
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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International