Synthesis of novel thiazole derivatives bearing β-amino acid and aromatic moieties as promising scaffolds for the development of new antibacterial and antifungal candidates targeting multidrug-resistant pathogens
JournalMolecules (Basel, Switzerland)
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AbstractRapidly growing antimicrobial resistance among clinically important bacterial and fungal pathogens accounts for high morbidity and mortality worldwide. Therefore, it is critical to look for new small molecules targeting multidrug-resistant pathogens. Herein, in this paper we report a synthesis, ADME properties, and in vitro antimicrobial activity characterization of novel thiazole derivatives bearing β-amino acid, azole, and aromatic moieties. The in silico ADME characterization revealed that compounds 1–9 meet at least 2 Lipinski drug-like properties while cytotoxicity studies demonstrated low cytotoxicity to Vero cells. Further in vitro antimicrobial activity characterization showed the selective and potent bactericidal activity of 2a–c against Gram-positive pathogens (MIC 1–64 µg/mL) with profound activity against S. aureus (MIC 1–2 µg/mL) harboring genetically defined resistance mechanisms. Furthermore, the compounds 2a–c exhibited antifungal activity against azole resistant A. fumigatus, while only 2b and 5a showed antifungal activity against multidrug resistant yeasts including Candida auris. Collectively, these results demonstrate that thiazole derivatives 2a–c and 5a could be further explored as a promising scaffold for future development of antifungal and antibacterial agents targeting highly resistant pathogenic microorganisms. © 2021 by the authors.
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/17600