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dc.contributor.authorHu, Songhua
dc.contributor.authorXiong, Chenfeng
dc.contributor.authorYounes, Hannah
dc.contributor.authorYang, Mofeng
dc.contributor.authorDarzi, Aref
dc.contributor.authorJin, Zhiyu Catherine
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-09T19:47:54Z
dc.date.available2021-12-09T19:47:54Z
dc.date.issued2022-10-29
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/17339
dc.description.abstractSocial distancing has become a key countermeasure to contain the dissemination of COVID-19. This study examined county-level racial/ethnic disparities in human mobility and COVID-19 health outcomes during the year 2020 by leveraging geo-tracking data across the contiguous US. Sets of generalized additive models were fitted under cross-sectional and time-varying settings, with percentage of mobility change, percentage of staying home, COVID-19 infection rate, and case-fatality ratio as dependent variables, respectively. After adjusting for spatial effects, built environment, socioeconomics, demographics, and partisanship, we found counties with higher Asian populations decreased most in travel, counties with higher White and Asian populations experienced the least infection rate, and counties with higher African American populations presented the highest case-fatality ratio. Control variables, particularly partisanship and education attainment, significantly influenced modeling results. Time-varying analyses further suggested racial differences in human mobility varied dramatically at the beginning but remained stable during the pandemic, while racial differences in COVID-19 outcomes broadly decreased over time. All conclusions hold robust with different aggregation units or model specifications. Altogether, our analyses shine a spotlight on the entrenched racial segregation in the US as well as how it may influence the mobility patterns, urban forms, and health disparities during the COVID-19.en_US
dc.description.urihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2021.103506en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherElsevier BVen_US
dc.relation.ispartofSustainable Cities and Societyen_US
dc.rights© 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.rights.urihttps://www.elsevier.com/tdm/userlicense/1.0/
dc.subjectCOVID-19en_US
dc.subjectGeneralized additive modelen_US
dc.subjectHuman mobilityen_US
dc.subjectMobile device location dataen_US
dc.subjectNon-pharmaceutical interventionsen_US
dc.subjectRacial/ethnic disparitiesen_US
dc.titleExamining spatiotemporal evolution of racial/ethnic disparities in human mobility and COVID-19 health outcomes: Evidence from the contiguous United Statesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.scs.2021.103506
dc.source.volume76
dc.source.beginpage103506


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