Novel low-shrinkage-stress bioactive nanocomposite with anti-biofilm and remineralization capabilities to inhibit caries
Melo, Mary Ann S.
Oates, Thomas W.
Weir, Michael D.
Xu, Hockin H.K.
JournalJournal of Dental Sciences
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AbstractBackground/purpose: A common reason for dental composite restoration failure is recurrent caries at the margins. Our objectives were to: (1) develop a novel low-shrinkage-stress, antibacterial and remineralizing resin composite; (2) evaluate the effects of dimethylaminohexadecyl methacrylate (DMAHDM) on mechanical properties, biofilm inhibition, calcium (Ca) and phosphate (P) ion release, degree of conversion, and shrinkage stress on the new low-shrinkage-stress resin composite for the first time. Material and methods: The resin consisted of urethane dimethacrylate (UDMA) and triethylene glycol divinylbenzyl ether (TEG-DVBE) with high resistance to salivary hydrolytic degradation. Composites were made with 0%–8% of DMAHDM for antibacterial activity, and 20% of nanoparticles of amorphous calcium phosphate (NACP) for remineralization. Mechanical properties and Streptococcus mutans biofilm growth on composites were assessed. Ca and P ion releases, degree of conversion and shrinkage stress were evaluated. Results: Adding 2–5% DMAHDM and 20% NACP into the low-shrinkage-stress composite did not compromise the mechanical properties (p > 0.05). The incorporation of DMAHDM greatly reduced S. mutans biofilm colony-forming units by 2–5 log and lactic acid production by 7 folds, compared to a commercial composite (p < 0.05). Adding 5% DMAHDM did not compromise the Ca and P ion release. The low-shrinkage-stress composite maintained a high degree of conversion of approximately 70%, while reducing the shrinkage stress by 37%, compared to a commercial control (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The bioactive low-shrinkage-stress composite reduced the polymerization shrinkage stress, without compromising other properties. Increasing the DMAHDM content increased the antibacterial effect in a dose-dependent manner.
SponsorsUniversity of Maryland
Calcium phosphate nanoparticles
Low shrinkage stress
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/17016