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dc.contributor.authorLuo, Weiyu
dc.contributor.authorGuo, Wei
dc.contributor.authorHu, Songhua
dc.contributor.authorYang, Mofeng
dc.contributor.authorHu, Xinyuan
dc.contributor.authorXiong, Chenfeng
dc.date.accessioned2021-10-22T16:24:41Z
dc.date.available2021-10-22T16:24:41Z
dc.date.issued2021-10-11
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/16921
dc.description.abstractDuring the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, Non-Pharmaceutical and Pharmaceutical treatments were alternative strategies for governments to intervene. Though many of these intervention methods proved to be effective to stop the spread of COVID-19, i.e., lockdown and curfew, they also posed risk to the economy; in such a scenario, an analysis on how to strike a balance becomes urgent. Our research leverages the mobility big data from the University of Maryland COVID-19 Impact Analysis Platform and employs the Generalized Additive Model (GAM), to understand how the social demographic variables, NPTs (Non-Pharmaceutical Treatments) and PTs (Pharmaceutical Treatments) affect the New Death Rate (NDR) at county-level. We also portray the mutual and interactive effects of NPTs and PTs on NDR. Our results show that there exists a specific usage rate of PTs where its marginal effect starts to suppress the NDR growth, and this specific rate can be reduced through implementing the NPTs. Copyright: © 2021 Luo et al.en_US
dc.description.urihttps://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0258379en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherPublic Library of Scienceen_US
dc.relation.ispartofPLoS ONEen_US
dc.subjectnew death rate (NDR)en_US
dc.subjectnon-pharmaceutical interventionsen_US
dc.subjectpharmaceutical treatmentsen_US
dc.subject.meshCOVID-19--prevention & controlen_US
dc.titleFlatten the curve: Empirical evidence on how non-pharmaceutical interventions substituted pharmaceutical treatments during COVID-19 pandemicen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0258379
dc.identifier.pmid34634078
dc.source.volume16
dc.source.issue10
dc.source.beginpagee0258379
dc.source.endpage
dc.source.countryUnited States


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