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dc.contributor.authorHan, Dong
dc.contributor.authorHooshangnejad, Hamed
dc.contributor.authorChen, Chin-Cheng
dc.contributor.authorDing, Kai
dc.date.accessioned2021-10-07T12:48:28Z
dc.date.available2021-10-07T12:48:28Z
dc.date.issued2021-07-29
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/16795
dc.description.abstractPurpose: We investigate two margin-based schemes for optimization target volumes (OTV), both isotropic expansion (2 mm) and beam-specific OTV, to account for uncertainties due to the setup errors and range uncertainties in pancreatic stereotactic pencil beam scanning (PBS) proton therapy. Also, as 2-mm being one of the extreme sizes of margin, we also study whether the plan quality of 2-mm uniform expansion could be comparable to other plan schemes. Methods and Materials: We developed 2 schemes for OTV: (1) a uniform expansion of 2 mm (OTV2mm) for setup uncertainty and (2) a water equivalent thickness–based, beam-specific expansion (OTVWET) on beam direction and 2 mm expansion laterally. Six LAPC patients were planned with a prescribed dose of 33 Gy (RBE) in 5 fractions. Robustness optimization (RO) plans on gross tumor volumes, with setup uncertainties of 2 mm and range uncertainties of 3.5%, were implemented as a benchmark. Results: All 3 optimization schemes achieved decent target coverage with no significant difference. The OTV2mm plans show superior organ at risk (OAR) sparing, especially for proximal duodenum. However, OTV2mm plans demonstrate severe susceptibility to range and setup uncertainties with a passing rate of 19% of the plans meeting the goal of 95% volume covered by the prescribed dose. The proposed dose spread function analysis shows no significant difference. Conclusions: The use of OTVWET mimics a union volume for all scenarios in robust optimization but saves optimization time noticeably. The beam-specific margin can be attractive to online adaptive stereotactic body proton therapy owing to the efficiency of the plan optimization.en_US
dc.description.urihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.adro.2021.100757en_US
dc.description.urihttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc8463829/en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherElsevier Inc.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofAdvances in Radiation Oncologyen_US
dc.rights© 2021 The Authors.en_US
dc.subjectstereotactic proton pencil beam scanning therapyen_US
dc.subject.meshPancreatic Neoplasms--radiotherapyen_US
dc.subject.meshProton Therapyen_US
dc.titleA Beam-Specific Optimization Target Volume for Stereotactic Proton Pencil Beam Scanning Therapy for Locally Advanced Pancreatic Canceren_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.adro.2021.100757
dc.identifier.pmid34604607
dc.source.volume6
dc.source.issue6
dc.source.beginpage100757
dc.source.endpage
dc.source.countryUnited States


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