Regulation of Paneth Cell Function by RNA-Binding Proteins and Noncoding RNAs
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AbstractPaneth cells are specialized intestinal epithelial cells that are located at the base of small intestinal crypts and play a vital role in preserving the gut epithelium homeostasis. Paneth cells act as a safeguard from bacterial translocation across the epithelium and constitute the niche for intestinal stem cells in the small intestine by providing multiple niche signals. Recently, Paneth cells have become the focal point of investigations defining the mechanisms underlying the epithelium-microbiome interactions and pathogenesis of chronic gut mucosal inflammation and bacterial infection. Function of Paneth cells is tightly regulated by numerous factors at different levels, while Paneth cell defects have been widely documented in various gut mucosal diseases in humans. The post-transcription events, specific change in mRNA stability and translation by RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) and noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) are implicated in many aspects of gut mucosal physiology by modulating Paneth cell function. Deregulation of RBPs and ncRNAs and subsequent Paneth cell defects are identified as crucial elements of gut mucosal pathologies. Here, we overview the posttranscriptional regulation of Paneth cells by RBPs and ncRNAs, with a particular focus on the increasing evidence of RBP HuR and long ncRNA H19 in this process. We also discuss the involvement of Paneth cell dysfunction in altered susceptibility of the intestinal epithelium to chronic inflammation and bacterial infection following disrupted expression of HuR and H19.
long noncoding RNAs
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/16497
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