A bite difficult to heal: induced decompensated hepatic cirrhosis
JournalJournal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
PublisherTaylor and Francis Inc.
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractPasteurella multocida is a gram-negative bacterium that colonizes domestic animals. It is commonly implicated in bite and scratch wounds, potentially resulting in cellulitis, superficial abscesses, osteomyelitis, or peritonitis. Rarely, it can lead to bacteremia and septic shock in high-risk patients. We present an atypical presentation of Pasteurella multocida bacteremia and sepsis in a patient with stage 4 decompensated cirrhosis. The patient presented with melena and altered mental status with CT imaging showing a heterogeneous nodular liver along with an enlarged portal vein, gastric varices, and ascites consistent with decompensated cirrhosis. The patient was initially managed with intravenous (IV) octreotide and pantoprazole, blood and platelet transfusions, and broad-spectrum antibiotics. Upper endoscopy showed diffuse non-bleeding esophageal and gastric varices, which required band ligation and continued IV octreotide therapy. The infection resolved after a 7-day course of IV ceftriaxone.
Rights/Terms© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group on behalf of Greater Baltimore Medical Center.
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/16161