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dc.contributor.authorHockett, Deborah
dc.contributor.authorKress, Laura
dc.contributor.authorMac Donald, Ryan
dc.contributor.authorKrenzischek, Dina A
dc.contributor.authorMaheshwari, Anurag
dc.date.accessioned2021-06-10T13:46:34Z
dc.date.available2021-06-10T13:46:34Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/15980
dc.description.abstractThe aim of this research study was to evaluate the effectiveness of lidocaine versus lidocaine with sodium bicarbonate in reducing anxiety and pain, using visual analog scales, in subjects receiving local anesthetic during liver biopsies. The project included 199 subjects presenting for percutaneous liver biopsy using local anesthesia. Subjects were randomized into 2 groups: the control group, which received lidocaine alone, and the experimental group, which received lidocaine buffered with sodium bicarbonate. Immediately after they received the lidocaine injection, both groups were asked to rate their preprocedure anxiety and pain using a 0-10 visual analog scale. Mean postprocedure pain was statistically significantly different between the two arms with the intervention group reporting less pain (1.65 vs. 2.27, p = .037). Change in pain scores between the two groups were also statistically significantly different with the intervention group reporting a mean change in pain score of 0.93 compared to 1.63 in the control group (p = .021). However, no differences were found for reported anxiety. This study has shown that using sodium bicarbonate with lidocaine significantly decreased pain sensation at the injection site when used for deep visceral anesthesia during percutaneous liver biopsy. Copyright © 2021 The Authors.en_US
dc.description.urihttps://doi.org/10.1097/SGA.0000000000000542en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherWolters Kluwer Healthen_US
dc.relation.ispartofGastroenterology Nursingen_US
dc.rightsCopyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. on behalf of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates.en_US
dc.subject.meshBiopsyen_US
dc.subject.meshLidocaineen_US
dc.subject.meshLiveren_US
dc.subject.meshSodium Bicarbonateen_US
dc.titleEffectiveness of Buffered Lidocaine for Local Anesthesia During Liver Biopsyen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1097/SGA.0000000000000542
dc.identifier.pmid33927155
dc.source.volume44
dc.source.issue3
dc.source.beginpage172
dc.source.endpage176
dc.source.countryUnited States


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