Race and other sociodemographic categories are differentially linked to multiple dimensions of interpersonal-level discrimination: Implications for intersectional, health research
AuthorBeatty Moody, Danielle L
Waldstein, Shari R
Leibel, Daniel K
Hoggard, Lori S
Gee, Gilbert C
Ashe, Jason J
Evans, Michele K
Zonderman, Alan B
PublisherPublic Library of Science
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractObjectives To examine whether intersections of race with other key sociodemographic categories contribute to variations in multiple dimensions of race- and non-race-related, interpersonal-level discrimination and burden in urban-dwelling African Americans and Whites. Methods Data from 2,958 participants aged 30–64 in the population-based Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span (HANDLS) study were used to estimate up to four-way interactions of race, age, gender, and poverty status with reports of racial and everyday discrimination, discrimination across multiple social statuses, and related lifetime discrimination burden in multiple regression models. Results We observed that: 1) African Americans experienced all forms of discrimination more frequently than Whites, but this finding was qualified by interactions of race with age, gender, and/or poverty status; 2) older African Americans, particularly African American men, and African American men living in poverty reported the greatest lifetime discrimination burden; 3) older African Americans reported greater racial discrimination and greater frequency of multiple social status-based discrimination than younger African Americans; 4) African American men reported greater racial and everyday discrimination and a greater frequency of social status discrimination than African American women; and, 5) White women reported greater frequency of discrimination than White men. All p’s < .05. Conclusions Within African Americans, older, male individuals with lower SES experienced greater racial, lifetime, and multiple social status-based discrimination, but this pattern was not observed in Whites. Among Whites, women reported greater frequency of discrimination across multiple social statuses and other factors (i.e., gender, income, appearance, and health status) than men. Efforts to reduce discrimination-related health disparities should concurrently assess dimensions of interpersonal-level discrimination across multiple sociodemographic categories, while simultaneously considering the broader socioecological context shaping these factors.
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/15899
- Interpersonal-level discrimination indices, sociodemographic factors, and telomere length in African-Americans and Whites.
- Authors: Beatty Moody DL, Leibel DK, Darden TM, Ashe JJ, Waldstein SR, Katzel LI, Liu HB, Weng NP, Evans MK, Zonderman AB
- Issue date: 2019 Feb
- Interactive Relations Across Dimensions of Interpersonal-Level Discrimination and Depressive Symptoms to Carotid Intimal-Medial Thickening in African Americans.
- Authors: Beatty Moody DL, Leibel DK, Pantesco EJ, Wendell CR, Waldstein SR, Evans MK, Zonderman AB
- Issue date: 2020 Feb/Mar
- Multiple forms of discrimination, social status, and telomere length: Interactions within race.
- Authors: Pantesco EJ, Leibel DK, Ashe JJ, Waldstein SR, Katzel LI, Liu HB, Weng NP, Evans MK, Zonderman AB, Beatty Moody DL
- Issue date: 2018 Dec
- Sociodemographic patterns of pain in an urban community sample: an examination of intersectional effects of sex, race, age, and poverty status.
- Authors: Quiton RL, Leibel DK, Boyd EL, Waldstein SR, Evans MK, Zonderman AB
- Issue date: 2020 May
- Cross-sectional relations of race and poverty status to cardiovascular risk factors in the Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Lifespan (HANDLS) study.
- Authors: Waldstein SR, Moody DLB, McNeely JM, Allen AJ, Sprung MR, Shah MT, Al'Najjar E, Evans MK, Zonderman AB
- Issue date: 2016 Mar 14