An integrated transcriptomic approach to identify molecular markers of calcineurin inhibitor nephrotoxicity in pediatric kidney transplant recipients
AuthorRhone, Erika T.
Bontha, Sai Vineela
Walker, Patrick D.
Almenara, Jorge A.
Dumur, Catherine I.
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractCalcineurin inhibitors are highly efficacious immunosuppressive agents used in pediatric kidney transplantation. However, calcineurin inhibitor nephrotoxicity (CNIT) has been associated with the development of chronic renal allograft dysfunction and decreased graft survival. This study evaluated 37 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded biopsies from pediatric kidney transplant recipients using gene expression profiling. Normal allograft samples (n = 12) served as negative controls and were compared to biopsies exhibiting CNIT (n = 11). The remaining samples served as positive controls to validate CNIT marker specificity and were characterized by other common causes of graft failure such as acute rejection (n = 7) and interstitial fibrosis/tubular atrophy (n = 7). MiRNA profiles served as the platform for data integration. Oxidative phosphorylation and mitochondrial dysfunction were the top molecular pathways associated with overexpressed genes in CNIT samples. Decreased ATP synthesis was identified as a significant biological function in CNIT, while key toxicology pathways included NRF2-mediated oxidative stress response and increased permeability transition of mitochondria. An integrative analysis demonstrated a panel of 13 significant miRNAs and their 33 CNIT-specific gene targets involved with mitochondrial activity and function. We also identified a candidate panel of miRNAs/genes, which may serve as future molecular markers for CNIT diagnosis as well as potential therapeutic targets. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
SponsorsNational Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/15882