Implementation of a Fall Prevention Toolkit on a Medical Surgical Unit
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractProblem: In-hospital falls result in patient harm which includes minor injury, psychological distress and anxiety, and serious injuries like fractures, head trauma, and even death. The Joint Commission consistently ranks falls with serious injury as one of the top sentinel events. An acute care medical surgical unit in a community-based hospital experienced an increase in the number of falls with an overall fall rate higher than that of peer units. Purpose: The purpose of this Quality Improvement (QI) project was to implement and evaluate the benefits of, and staff adherence to, the use of Fall TIPS (Tailoring Intervention for Patient Safety) toolkit to reduce falls on a medical surgical unit. Methods: The Fall TIPS toolkit was designed to decrease the patient fall rate in hospitals and engage patients and their families in a 3-step fall prevention process including performing a fall risk assessment, creating a tailored fall prevention plan, and executing the plan regularly. Implementation of a Fall TIPS toolkit with auditing transpired weekly over 10 weeks on a medical surgical unit. Nurses’ adherence to the Fall TIPS protocol was measured weekly during implementation. Results: The results indicated that nurses’ adherence to use of the Fall TIPS toolkit averaged 78%. The run chart analysis of nurses’ adherence did not show any shifts or astronomical datapoints, and the number of runs was consistent with random variation. However, there was a 6-point upward trend in the data during weeks 2 to 7, indicating a special cause. Fall rates during the first two months of implementation were 3.39 and 2.41 per 1000 patient-days respectively, and dropped to zero during the third month. Conclusion: Nurses’ adherence to a Fall TIPS toolkit was demonstrated on a medical surgical unit, which likely resulted in a decreased patient fall rate during the final month of the project. Additional time will be needed to determine if the practice changes and outcomes are sustainable.
KeywordTailoring Interventions for Patient Safety (TIPS)
Accidental Falls--prevention & control