Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorFolayan, Morenike Oluwatoyin
dc.contributor.authorEl Tantawi, Maha
dc.contributor.authorAly, Nourhan M
dc.contributor.authorAdeniyi, Abiola Adetokunbo
dc.contributor.authorOziegbe, Elizabeth
dc.contributor.authorArowolo, Olaniyi
dc.contributor.authorAlade, Michael
dc.contributor.authorMapayi, Boladale
dc.contributor.authorChukwumah, Nneka Maureen
dc.contributor.authorOginni, Olakunle
dc.contributor.authorSam-Agudu, Nadia A
dc.date.accessioned2021-04-23T17:58:25Z
dc.date.available2021-04-23T17:58:25Z
dc.date.issued2021-04-19
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/15482
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: Sexual and oral health are important areas of focus for adolescent wellbeing. We assessed for the prevalence of sexual abuse among adolescents, oral health factors associated with this history, and investigated whether sexual abuse was a risk indicator for dental anxiety, caries experience and poor oral hygiene. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted between December 2018 and January 2019 among adolescents 10-19 years old in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Survey data collected included respondents' age, sex, and socioeconomic status, oral health risk factors (dental anxiety, frequency of tooth brushing intake of refined carbohydrates in-between-meals, flossing, dental visits, smoking, alcohol intake, use of psychoactive substances), caries experience, oral hygiene status, history of sexual abuse, and sexual risk behaviors (age of sexual debut, history of transactional sex, last sexual act with or without condom, multiple sex partners). Regression models were constructed to determine the association between outcome variables (dental anxiety, presence of caries experience and poor oral hygiene) and explanatory variables (oral health risk factors and history of sexual abuse). Results: The prevalence of sexual abuse in our cohort was 5.9%: 4.3% among males and 7.9% among females. A history of sexual abuse was associated with alcohol consumption (p = 0.009), cigarette smoking (p = 0.001), and a history of transactional sex (p = 0.01). High/severe dental anxiety was significantly associated with increased odds of a history of sexual abuse (AOR = 1.81; 95% CI 1.10, 2.98), but not with caries experience (AOR = 0.66; 95% CI 0.15, 2.97) nor poor oral hygiene (AOR = 1.68; 95% CI 0.95, 2.96). Dental anxiety was associated with increased odds of alcohol intake (AOR = 1.74; 95% CI 1.19, 2.56), twice daily tooth brushing (AOR = 1.48; 95% CI 1.01, 2.17) and daily consumption of refined carbohydrates in-between-meals (AOR = 2.01; 95% CI 1.60, 2.54). Caries experience was associated with increased odds of using psychoactive substances (AOR = 4.83; 95% CI 1.49, 15.62) and having low socioeconomic status (AOR = 0.40; 95% CI 0.18, 0.92). Poor oral hygiene was associated with increased odds of having middle socioeconomic status (AOR = 1.43; 95% CI 1.05, 1.93) and daily consumption of refined carbohydrates in-between-meals (AOR = 1.38; 95% CI 1.08, 1.78). Conclusion: Adolescents who are highly dentally anxious need to be screened for a history of sexual abuse to facilitate access to professional care and support.en_US
dc.description.urihttps://doi.org/10.1186/s12903-021-01562-8en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherSpringer Natureen_US
dc.relation.ispartofBMC Oral Healthen_US
dc.subjectAdolescentsen_US
dc.subjectMental healthen_US
dc.subjectNigeriaen_US
dc.subjectOral healthen_US
dc.subjectSexual and reproductive healthen_US
dc.titleAssociations between a history of sexual abuse and dental anxiety, caries experience and oral hygiene status among adolescents in sub-urban South West Nigeriaen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/s12903-021-01562-8
dc.identifier.pmid33874918
dc.source.volume21
dc.source.issue1
dc.source.beginpage196
dc.source.endpage
dc.source.countryEngland


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record