Real-time assessment of daytime sleepiness in drivers with multiple sclerosis
JournalMultiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders
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AbstractBackground: Daytime sleepiness is a common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS) that may jeopardize safe driving. Our aim was to compare daytime sleepiness, recorded in real-time through eyelid tracking, in a simulated drive between individuals with MS (iwMS) and healthy controls. Methods: Fifteen iwMS (age = median (Q1 - Q3), 55 (50 - 55); EDSS = 2.5 (2 - 3.5); 12 (80%) female) were matched for age, sex, education, and cognitive status with 15 controls. Participants completed self-reported fatigue and sleepiness scales including the Modified Fatigue Impact Scale (MFIS), Pittsburg Sleep Quality Inventory (PSQI), and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). Percentage of eyelid closure (PERCLOS) was extracted from a remote eye tracker while completing a simulated drive of 25 min. Results: Although iwMS reported more symptoms of fatigue (MFIS, p = 0.003) and poorer sleep quality (PSQI, p = 0.008), they did not report more daytime sleepiness (ESS, p = 0.45). Likewise, there were no differences between groups in real-time daytime sleepiness, indexed by PERCLOS (p = 0.82). Both groups exhibited more real-time daytime sleepiness as they progressed through the drive (time effect, p < 0.0001). The interaction effect of group*time (p = 0.05) demonstrated increased symptoms of daytime sleepiness towards the end of the drive in iwMS compared to controls. PERCLOS correlated strongly (Spearman ρ = 0.76, p = 0.001) with distance out of lane in iwMS. Conclusion: IwMS show exacerbated symptoms of daytime sleepiness during a monotonous, simulate drive. Future studies should investigate the effect of MS on daytime sleepiness during real-world driving. Copyright 2020
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/15317
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