Novel long noncoding rna mir205hg functions as an esophageal tumor-suppressive hedgehog inhibitor
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractBarrett’s esophagus (BE) is a precursor to esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). Recently, long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been identified as key regulators of biological pathways. However, involvement of lncRNAs in the development of BE and EAC has not been well-studied. The aims of the current study were: (1) to study involvement of the lncRNA, miR205HG, in the development of BE and EAC; (2) to clarify the role of miR205HG in in vitro and in vivo experiments; and (3) to investigate the mechanism of miR205HG involving the Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway. These experiments revealed that miR205HG was downregulated in EAC vs. normal esophageal epithelia (NE) as well as in EAC cell lines, and its forced overexpression inhibited EAC cell proliferation and cell cycle progression in vitro. Similarly, overexpression of miR205HG inhibited xenograft tumor growth in mice In vivo. Finally, we show that one mechanism of action of miR205HG involves the Hh signaling pathway: miR205HG and Hh expression levels were inversely correlated in both EAC (r = −0.73) and BE (r = −0.83) tissues, and in vitro studies revealed details of Hh signaling inhibition induced by miR205HG. In conclusion, these findings establish that lncRNA miR205HG functions as a tumor suppressor in the development of BE and EAC, at least in part through its effect on the Hh signaling pathway. Copyright 2021 by the authors.
SponsorsFunding: This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health (Grants CA211457 and DK118250), the Emerson Cancer Research Fund, and a Discovery Award from The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
Esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC)
Long noncoding RNA (lncRNAs)
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/15146