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dc.contributor.authorWheeler, Jason
dc.contributor.authorMathews, Jenna Lee
dc.contributor.authorMurray, Amber
dc.contributor.authorMatlin, Kate
dc.identifier.citationThe OMNI Institute (2020). Measuring Outcomes of Peer Recovery Support Services. Submitted to Virginia Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services, Richmond, VAen_US
dc.descriptionLiterature Reviewen_US
dc.description.abstractThe literature on outcomes and effectiveness of peer recovery support services in mental health and substance use disorder systems is nascent but growing. There is a greater body of research about peers in the field of mental health than in substance use. Generally, there is a lack of uniformity in the definitions of peers in the literature (O'Hagan, Cyr, McKee & Priest, 2010). There is also high variability and ambiguity about the roles that peers play and the scope of services they provide (Rogers, Kash-MacDonald & Brucker, 2009). Furthermore, measuring recovery tends to include such a wide variety of outcomes (e.g., symptom abstinence, sense of well-being, quality of life, social engagement, evidence of employment or enrollment in education, level of justice-system involvement, etc.) that there is lack of consensus among recovery scholars, administrators, and practitioners about what outcomes are the most salient to measuring both recovery and the efficacy of peers in supporting recovery efforts (Blash, Chan & Chapman, 2015). Despite the variance in definition and conceptualization, research supports the efficacy of peers across roles, settings, and implementations. This review aims to take the next step of identifying a cohesive and appropriate set of recovery outcomes that will broaden and solidify the promising base of literature. This literature review begins by situating the peer role into the context of recovery from mental health and substance use disorders by briefly describing the history of the advancement of peers in recovery fields. This context is followed by a more in-depth look at (1) how peers are defined by the literature, (2) the specifics of their role and fundamentals underlying their practice, and (3) considerations regarding the standardization of peers. The review then outlines common recovery outcomes typically measured for consumers with mental health or substance use disorders who receive peer recovery support services. The outcomes reviewed were categorized into two overarching domains. The review also briefly describes considerations for families and peers who deliver services, and stigma regarding disorders. Finally, recommendations of instruments used to measure recovery outcomes are provided.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipVirginia Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services State Opioid Response grant teamen_US
dc.description.tableofcontentsIntroduction .......... 1 Overview of Recovery & Peer Support within Substance Use & Mental Health Disorders ...... 3 Overview of Peer Recovery Support Services .......6 Efficacy & Stigma in the Peer Support Role ....... 9 Standardization of the Peer Role & Services............ 11 Peer-Specific Recovery Outcomes .......... 12 Peer-Specific Outcome Measurement Tools ........... 21 Peer Recovery Literature Review Summary & Recommendations:..... 24 References ........ 27en_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationalen_US
dc.subjectliterature reviewen_US
dc.subjectpeer supporten_US
dc.subjectmeasurement toolsen_US
dc.subject.lcshMental healthen_US
dc.subject.lcshSubstance abuseen_US
dc.titleMeasuring Outcomes of Peer Recovery Support Services: A Literature Reviewen_US

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