The neurocognitive correlates of brain entropy estimated by resting state fMRI.
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AbstractResting state brain activity consumes most of brain energy, likely creating and maintaining a reserve of general brain functionality. The latent reserve if it exists may be reflected by the profound long-range fluctuations of resting brain activity. The long-range temporal coherence (LRTC) can be characterized by resting state fMRI (rsfMRI)-based brain entropy (BEN) mapping. While BEN mapping results have shown sensitivity to neuromodulations or disease conditions, the underlying neuromechanisms especially the associations of BEN or LRTC to neurocognition still remain unclear. To address this standing question and to test a novel hypothesis that resting BEN reflects a latent functional reserve through the link to general functionality, we mapped resting BEN of 862 young adults and comprehensively examined its associations to neurocognitions using data from the Human Connectome Project (HCP). Our results unanimously highlighted two brain circuits: the default mode network (DMN) and executive control network (ECN) through their negative associations of BEN to general functionality, which is independent of age and sex. While BEN in DMN/ECN increases with age, it decreases with education years. These results demonstrated the neurocognitive correlates of resting BEN in DMN/ECN and suggest resting BEN in DMN/ECN as a potential proxy of the latent functional reserve that facilitates general brain functionality and may be enhanced by education. © 2021 The Author
Rights/TermsCopyright © 2021 The Author. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Default mode network
Executive control network
Resting state fMRI
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/14861
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